Previously, the only type of plumbing was a free-standing toilet. The desire to organize the maximum functional space with a minimum occupied area led to the creation of built-in models. A suspended toilet allows you to hide unaesthetic details and leave only the bowl and the flush button in sight: all pipes and connections are hidden behind a false wall or in a box. The dimensions of the toilet installation are selected based on the parameters and configuration of the bathroom.
- 1 What is the installation of a toilet: the main advantages and disadvantages
- 2 The main types of fastening systems and installation dimensions for the toilet
- 3 What are the standard sizes of toilet installations?
- 4 What to look for during the purchase, how to determine the installation location
- 5 Main manufacturers: models and sizes of Geberit installations
- 6 Features and dimensions of the installation "Groe" for the toilet
- 7 How to select the dimensions of the installation box and perform cladding
What is a toilet bowl installation: main advantages and disadvantages
Many people consider the installation of a toilet bowl with the installation unreliable, because only the bowl of the toilet bowl "suspended in the air" remains in sight. In fact, the installation is a frame on which the toilet itself, the cistern and other elements are attached. Installation of the structure takes place either to the wall or to the floor and wall, which makes it possible not only to hide unnecessary communications, but also to give the bathroom an aesthetic and attractive appearance.
To date, manufacturers offer a wide range of design options, as well as different overall dimensions of the installation for toilets, which allow you to choose the right option for each specific room. The system itself consists of several main parts, which form an integral structure. The main element of the device is considered to be the installation body, made of high-quality and durable steel, pre-treated with anti-corrosion agents. The installation is then attached to the harness of the toilet bowl or other plumbing fixture, and the main connecting parts, including couplings and fastening pins, are mounted.
Also, a drain tank is attached to the body, which, unlike the standard one, differs in reduced weight due to the fact that it is made not of ceramics, but of reliable plastic, this allows to reduce the total weight of the structure.
Interesting information! To reduce the likelihood of leakage of a tank hidden behind a false wall, silicone or improved rubber is used to make a flush valve gasket.This is due to the fact that the service life of the entire system depends on the reliability of the connections.
Another important design element is a wall-hung toilet, but it should be noted that it is not always sold complete with an installation. In general, the size of toilet installations can vary. The products are distinguished by their versatility and adjustable mechanisms, which allows you to adjust the frame to any model of a wall-hung toilet. In addition to installing a suspended structure, the frame can also be used to mount some options for floor-standing models, for example, a toilet with a hidden cistern can be attributed here.
When choosing a built-in model, it should be borne in mind that its service life will depend on the quality of the structure, so you should not save here and it is better to choose products from trusted manufacturers. Thanks to modern technologies, it is possible not only to decorate the bathroom with a standard white toilet, but also to choose colored models that will make the design of the room unusual and unique in its kind.
The last thing to consider when buying an installation is the drain button, which is displayed on the wall above the tank or in any other convenient place. In addition to the fact that you should pay attention to the external design, it is better to choose models with a dual drain mode, which will allow, depending on needs, to use only half of the water in the tank. Thanks to this, it will be possible to significantly reduce water consumption and save on utility bills. To make your room more hygienic, you can select the no-touch touch button option.
The main advantages and disadvantages of installing an installation in a bathroom
If you choose the right size for the installation for the toilet, you can get a large number of advantages, among which stand out:
- Attractive and modern appearance. Due to the fact that all pipes and connections are hidden in the box, even a small bathroom will look visually larger, and the design of the room will not be disturbed by pipes and other elements.
- Convenient room cleaning. Due to the absence of a toilet leg, there is free space under the bowl, which greatly simplifies the cleaning process and helps maintain the hygiene of the bathroom.
- Availability of free space. Standard sizes for toilet installations are usually smaller than conventional solo toilet bowls with cisterns.
- Less noise. According to European standards, the noise level of a hidden structure should not exceed 17 dB, quieter operation is ensured by the presence of a sound-insulating pad between the wall and the frame of the structure.
- Reliability and durability. Modern installation frames have a warranty period of 10 years and longer.
Despite the large number of advantages of installing an installation with a toilet, the negative aspects of use also stand out. Basically, this includes the following points:
- High construction cost. The price of both wall-hung toilets and installation designs varies from manufacturer to manufacturer, but in general they are more expensive than conventional solo kits.
- Difficult installation. Without experience, special tools and knowledge, you will most likely not be able to install the installation kit yourself.
- Closed communications. Installing a bezel or trunking completely obscures connections and pipes, which can lead to untimely leak detection. In some cases, complete dismantling of the bezel may be required for repairs.
- Legal difficulties. Some utilities are opposed to the riser being completely sheathed and hidden. Therefore, the approval of the service utility may be required before installing the installation.
The main types of fastening systems and installation dimensions for the toilet
The dimensions of the built-in toilet bowl with installation depend on the type of construction, which serves as the basis for installing the cistern, pipes, button and the bowl itself. There are two main types of construction:
The block installation is considered the most budgetary and simple in its structure; it is mounted in a pre-prepared niche in the wall. After installing the block system, special installation fittings are attached to it, which serves as the basis for attaching the toilet bowl. The hole that remains as a result of installation is then closed with a decorative box or drywall and finished in accordance with the interior of the room.
It is worth considering that to install a block system, a solid foundation is required, because it will not be possible to securely fix the structure on a thin wooden surface or wall from a foam block. It is this fact that reduces the scope of application of block installations.
A frame installation is considered a more expensive and complex option, the base of which consists of a steel frame treated with anti-corrosion solutions. It is on this frame that all the components are then attached. The dimensions of the installation installation for the frame type toilet are mainly within the following limits:
- depth - 15-30 cm;
- width - 50-60 cm;
- height - 850-140 cm.
The main advantage of the frame system, in contrast to the block system, is the possibility of installation in almost any room. Fasteners and model are selected based on the characteristics of the room. When the installation takes place on a plasterboard base or a foam block partition that is not designed for a heavy load, preference should be given to the floor version or the so-called installation on legs.
If there is a solid load-bearing wall in the bathroom, then you can choose the wall-mounted version of the frame installation. Separately, the combined installation option should be highlighted, when the structure is attached to both horizontal and vertical surfaces. In general, the choice of the type of product is influenced by the configuration of the bathroom. The advantage of installing a frame installation is that it most often consists of adjustable elements that allow you to adjust the size to the dimensions of the niche. The shortened installation option (up to 85 cm) can be used when the installation site is limited in height, for example, when the toilet is located under a window.
Helpful information! In a toilet room of a very small area, it is better to mount the corner version of the system, which uses an unclaimed corner and frees up more usable space.
Whichever type of installation is chosen, they all differ in a reliable and well-thought-out design, which, despite its apparent fragility, is designed for a weight of 400-500 kg, which is quite enough for a person of any size.
What are the standard sizes of toilet installations?
The following are the standard dimensions for a built-in toilet:
- depth - 50-60 cm;
- width - 30-40 cm;
- height - 35-45cm.
The listed parameters, although they are considered standard, but still, depending on the model, they can change, because now they separately produce small toilets for children and oversized bowls designed for people with disabilities, large physique or heavy weight. Separately, it should be said about designer models made to order, which may have completely different parameters.
Cisterns for installations differ from standard models not only in material of manufacture, but also in size.Usually, the thickness of the suspended plastic tank is within 9 cm, the width is 50 cm, and the built-in tank in height is often slightly larger than the standard ceramic version, and in this case it is 55-60 cm.
The standard tank size is considered to be 6-9 liters, but due to the reduced dimensions of the suspended structures, the volume varies from 3 to 5 liters. When installing, it is very important to take into account the size of the box for installing the toilet, therefore, before buying, you need to carefully study all the drawings, as well as take high-quality measurements. If you purchase an installation that does not meet the required parameters, you will have to adjust the dimensions of the prepared niche.
The installation dimensions for installation depend on the selected type. For example, a frame structure is characterized by a depth of 15-30 cm (usually 15 cm), the height varies from 85 to 140 cm, the maximum width is up to 60 cm. Other parameters should be noted:
- The distance from the floor covering to the central point of the sewer pipe is 220 mm.
- The holes for the fasteners are 18-23 cm apart from each other.
The minimum installation dimensions for a block type toilet are usually not very different from frame structures: the depth in this case is 10-15 cm, the height is 1 m.It is important to note that in some situations, a separate installation of a hidden cistern and a toilet that can be hung is carried out directly to the wall.
What is the design. How to choose the right one: shape, material and manufacturer. Review of popular models. Installation features.
If you buy a complete installation kit, then all fasteners and instructions will be included with the product. As a rule, several anchor bolts are included with a curtain structure requiring attachment to a main wall, each of which is designed for a load of up to 400 kg, so there is no point in doubting the strength of the installation. However, experts recommend buying accessories and all fastening elements in one place. In this case, you can immediately make sure that all sizes match each other. This will avoid unpleasant surprises during the installation process.
Helpful advice! The reliability of the structure depends not only on the correct choice of fasteners, but to a greater extent on the quality of the installation. If the anchors are tightened insufficiently or incorrectly, after a while the system may loosening, which will significantly reduce the performance.
What to look for during the purchase, how to determine the installation location
The choice of the size of the box for installing the toilet bowl largely depends on the size of the toilet room: if the room has a large area, you can think about installing not only a built-in toilet, but also a bidet. In this case, it is better to stop at buying a frame system. If the bathroom has a main wall, a block structure will do. For a bathroom with a non-standard configuration, or for a small area, experts recommend choosing corner models.
Based on this, we can conclude that the choice of the size of the box for the installation of the toilet should be carried out not only depending on personal preferences, but also according to the elementary installation standards. The size of the installation of a built-in toilet should be such that a distance of more than 60 cm remains from the edge of the bowl to the nearest wall or surface of other furniture. Otherwise, it will be inconvenient to position your legs, because they will rest against the restriction.
For more comfortable use, the same distance should be left on the sides of the toilet.The bowl is fixed at a distance of 18-20 cm from the installation body. This indicator must be taken into account when calculating the size of the toilet with installation in the plan, which is drawn up even before purchasing the entire system.
Before making a purchase, you need to study the floor plan, choose the right installation location and, taking this into account, choose the type of construction:
- If you are planning a standard installation near a side or central wall, you can purchase both block and frame installation types from any manufacturer.
- To install the system under a window or in a room with a low height, for example, on the attic floor, you need to choose the reduced height of the installation of built-in toilet bowls - 82-85 cm.
- If you want to install devices on both sides of the structure, they purchase an installation with a double-sided type of fastening, which allows you to fix two independent plumbing items.
- In the bathroom, in which the installation of several suspended products is planned, a linear type of installation with a width of 115 cm or more should be installed.
The frame of the installation is mostly rectangular, and you need to choose an option that matches the parameters of the niche. If the dimensions of the box for installing the toilet bowl are larger than the structure itself, the remaining space must be filled with some building material with soundproofing characteristics. A universal option is the choice of a frame, in which the upper part is adjustable, which allows you to adjust the size of the installation to a box of any size.
In order for the purchase to be enjoyable for a long time and does not require repairs, you should purchase products from only trusted manufacturers. In this case, you will have to overpay a little for the brand, but most often this decision is justified. If you rely on the reviews of plumbers and users, the following companies can be identified that have proven themselves best in the installation market:
- Geberit, which launched the production of unique seamless cisterns. The company has thought out such sizes of installations that allow installation, despite any difficulties, for example, in the case of closely spaced pipes.
- Grohe is a trusted German manufacturer specializing in sanitary ware. All installation frames are made of high quality metal and treated with an anti-corrosion coating.
- Viega is another German company that is mainly engaged in the production of installation frames. As a rule, there are no toilet bowls in the kits produced by the company.
In addition to these firms, a large number of other manufacturers stand out that have a good reputation in the Russian market:
- AM PM;
Major manufacturers: models and sizes installations "Geberit»
Geberit introduces the Duofix range of toilet frame installation systems. Each design is completed with one of the flush cistern options, which is selected depending on the customer's requirements. The standard Geberit installation dimensions depend on the type of cistern selected. So, when choosing the Omega model in height, you can choose several design options:
- 82 cm;
- 98 cm;
- 112 cm.
As for the Sigma cistern model, the height of the product is 112 cm. Thanks to the development of an ultra-thin cistern with a thickness of only 8 cm, the company has managed to create a toilet bowl with an installation that is as small as possible from the wall. The simplest and most inexpensive design is the frame, complete with Delta cistern.
Taking a closer look at the company's products, we can single out the Geberit Duofix UP320 model, which, due to its dimensions, is compatible with all types of wall-hung toilet bowls with a distance between the fastening pins from 18 to 23 cm. The maximum volume of the cistern is 3-6 liters. The installation kit does not include a toilet, but it is designed for fixing to the floor and wall.
The ease of installation lies in the fact that you do not need to use additional tools to level the structure, because the frame has self-supporting supports that help to perform a perfectly level installation. The legs can be adjusted to a height of 0 to 20 cm. The installation dimensions for the Geberit toilet are as follows:
- width - 50 cm;
- height - 112 cm;
- depth - 12 cm.
The price of the model, depending on the modification, varies from 15 to 36 thousand rubles.
Another model - Geberit DUOFIX 4126.96.36.199 - also features a front installation and a Delta cistern. The product assumes hidden installation on a false plasterboard wall. When choosing the size of the box for installation, it should be borne in mind that the installation depth of the frame is 12 cm, height - 112 cm, width - 50 cm.The tank is designed for 3-6 liters, but if you wish, you can adjust this indicator to the level of 6-9 liters. In addition, there is a start / stop system that allows you to interrupt the drain at any time. The price of the model is 16 thousand rubles.
Features and dimensions of the installation "Groe" for the toilet
The quality of Groe's products is beyond doubt, even though it has recently begun manufacturing products in Thailand and Portugal. Grohe Solido 39192000, which is based on a self-supporting steel frame with a powder coating that protects against corrosion, can be distinguished from a large number of installation models. The installation is designed to be installed in front of a wall or plasterboard partition to a wall or floor. A large selection of sides for connecting the water supply is considered convenient, so you can supply water on the left, right and back. Installation dimensions for Grohe toilet:
- height - 113 cm;
- width - 50 cm;
- depth - 23 cm.
Ease of assembly lies in the absence of the need to purchase additional materials, because the frame comes with two fastening bolts and a fastener for ceramics. Features of the installation allow you to adjust the height of the toilet bowl during the installation process, which is important for people of non-standard height.
Installation Grohe Rapid sl 38721 000 is considered one of the most popular models. Differs in the presence of a GD 2 flush cistern with a volume of 6-9 liters. The size of the "Groe" installation is characterized by a height of 120 cm. The frame assumes installation in front of a wall or partition. The design features allow for quick adjustment of the toilet bowl installation. As with the previous model, the kit includes two bolts for the toilet bowl, the distance between the central parts of the bolts is standard - 18-23 cm. The water connection is carried out from any convenient side. Other installation sizes Grohe:
- toilet outlet pipe - 9 cm;
- width - 50 cm;
- depth - 16.5 cm;
- warranty - 10 years.
How to select the dimensions of the installation box and perform cladding
Most often, the box around the installation is made in one piece, which significantly complicates access to communications. To avoid this, you can make a collapsible plasterboard box, tiled. The production technology does not differ much from the standard cladding.
At the first stage of work on creating a box around a metal frame, a frame is assembled using a metal profile. After that, measurements are made and the workpieces of the correct size are cut out of drywall sheets, which will be used to sew the frame.Then the finished sheets are attached to the metal base, usually for this, two screws are screwed in at the edges of the sheet, as well as at the top and bottom of the box.
After the sheathing is fixed, ceramic tiles are glued to it. It is considered important that self-tapping screws fixing the drywall are unscrewed during cladding with ceramic tiles. After the glue has completely set, the sheet is fixed through the tile, for which a small hole is made in it for a self-tapping screw. The caps of the screws are closed with special plugs of the same color as the tiles.
The convenience of creating such a box is that at any time it is easy to remove the plugs and unscrew the self-tapping screws, after which you can carefully remove the panel and gain full access to the installation and other communications.
Installation of a toilet bowl installation is a modern design option for a bathroom. The presence of a hanging bowl not only simplifies cleaning the room, but also allows you to visually increase the size of the room. For any room, it is important to choose the right frame size, which will then determine the convenience of the toilet bowl location. Therefore, in order not to make a mistake when buying, it is recommended to first carry out all measurements, determine the most optimal installation location, and only then, with a finished drawing of the room, go to a retail outlet and choose a design suitable for a specific situation. This is the only way to get a properly organized bathroom.