From this article you can find out what features a brick brazier has, familiarize yourself with popular types of structures, recommendations for their construction and placement. The text contains practical tips that will help you choose the best option for an outdoor stove, barbecue or barbecue for your summer cottage and make it yourself, guided by diagrams, photos and descriptions.
- 1 Brick brazier: features and types of structures
- 2 How to make a brazier out of bricks with your own hands: drawings and photos, design and calculations
- 3 Interesting projects for creating a barbecue, stove or brick barbecue
- 3.1 How to build a base for a simple brick barbecue with your own hands
- 3.2 How to build a brick brazier with a simple design
- 3.3 How to fold a brick barbecue: photo and description of the process
- 3.4 How to make a brazier out of bricks in a gazebo: the initial stage
- 3.5 Preparing the base for the grill in a brick gazebo with your own hands
- 3.6 How to build a brick gazebo with barbecue: photo and description of the workflow
- 3.7 How to make a brazier with your own hands from bricks: assembling a structure
- 3.8 How to build a stone brazier with your own hands in a summer cottage
- 3.9 DIY stone barbecue construction technology
- 4 DIY brick barbecue construction: video review of the process
Brick brazier: features and types of designs
Barbecues made of metal are usually used to cook barbecue. However, the sudden onset of rain and wind can be a problem for recreation. In such cases, it is much more convenient to use a brick shashlik or barbecue located under a canopy.
What is a brick brazier: photo and device
A brazier made of bricks is a permanently located structure. In this case, the product can have various dimensions, design and additional equipment. On the network you can see brick braziers with the simplest device, consisting of only a few rows of bricks and a brazier, as well as more complex design options.
Braziers with a complex configuration look like a massive building. There are even whole complexes of universal buildings.Despite the differences in design, most of the brick ovens and barbecues shown in the photo have a similar layout and structure.
Such designs consist of the following elements:
- foundation foundation;
- lower side walls;
- upper side walls;
To increase the comfort of operation and expand the capabilities of the barbecue, it is supplemented with extensions in the form of:
- countertops for convenient cutting of products;
- a niche for storing dishes.
To make a brazier stove with your own hands, you should use a brick with refractory properties, for example, fireclay. This material has a yellowish-sandy tint, as well as a well-pronounced granular structure. Chamotte blocks are resistant not only to fire, but also to chemical influences, in particular, they are not affected by ash and soot.
Note! Fireclay bricks are almost impossible to cut, so manufacturers produce ready-made blocks with different sizes and configurations. This feature must be taken into account when choosing a building material and calculating its amount.
Advantages and features of brick braziers
Brick braziers differ from traditional ovens primarily in their purpose. These structures are designed to create a comfortable environment for outdoor cooking. They are quite simple to implement and undemanding in terms of materials. The dimensions, like the barbecue device, can be selected arbitrarily, taking into account your own needs and wishes.
Each owner can build a simple outdoor stove and a brick brazier on his site, which cannot be said about the structures that are installed in the house. Thanks to all these features, as well as the presence of a foundation, masonry work is greatly simplified.
The advantages of barbecuebrick barbecue:
- versatility - designs are suitable for the preparation of any products and dishes based on them;
- the presence of a large brazier - thanks to this, the heat inside the structure is evenly distributed, as a result, the frying is perfect;
- the design provides for a sufficient amount of space for using skewers for barbecue and grill;
- complex structures are equipped with a smoke collector, which makes the operation of the barbecue more comfortable;
- high reliability and durability;
- no special care required;
- the ability to equip the structure with additional features by installing a smokehouse or cauldron.
There are not many disadvantages, but they are still present. Firstly, the structure is stationary, so it cannot be moved to another place if necessary. Secondly, open structures do not allow food to be cooked in the rain. An exception are brick barbecues in a gazebo or under a canopy.
How to make a brazier out of bricks with your own hands: drawings and photos, design and calculations
When choosing the type of construction and design of the barbecue, it is necessary to take into account the landscape features of the site. The structure should not stand out from the general style, but, on the contrary, must emphasize it. The aesthetic side of the issue is not limited to the process of developing a barbecue project. There are certain rules that must be adhered to in order to secure the operation and make it more comfortable.
For the construction of a site located in front of an open fire, it is imperative to use refractory materials, for these purposes the following is suitable:
- a rock;
- concrete slab;
- paving stones.
You should also take into account the wind rose.You should not start construction if there is a possibility that smoke will enter the windows of a residential building. It is forbidden to place the grill next to the neighbors' plots. Having a barbecue or oven can be uncomfortable.
Note! If a batch of fireclay bricks contains blocks with a lighter shade, it means that the technology was violated during the manufacturing of the material, and this casts doubt on the strength characteristics of the product.
In the construction of a brick barbecue with your own hands, the drawing plays an important role. To make your work easier, it is advisable to make a sketch of the suburban area. Such a sketch will allow you to scale up the features of the territory and choose the right place for building. An area located within a 5 m radius around an open fire must be free of trees. The presence of plantations is allowed on the side where the structure is fenced with a wall, but not closer than at a distance of 0.5 m.
It is necessary to provide free access to an outdoor brick barbecue, as well as supply water in case of a fire.
Do not place fire hazardous objects nearby:
- compost heaps;
- sanitary and technical structures;
- garbage containers.
If you follow the basic rules of fire safety and install the brazier away from the fence and the street, you can avoid conflicts with neighbors.
How to choose the best brick barbecue project
Having made the decision to build a barbecue or an outdoor oven on your own at your summer cottage, it is not at all necessary to design a structure from scratch. On the network you can find drawings, photos and diagrams for the construction of a brazier with your own hands, which will correspond to any wishes. Moreover, there is no need to try to pick up a finished project. In the drawing of the future design, you can combine any elements you like, which will allow you to achieve maximum compliance with personal requirements.
At the initial stage, it is necessary to complete a detailed drawing of a brick barbecue, indicating on it the exact configuration of the structure and all the data regarding its appearance.
The drawn up scheme should take into account the following nuances:
- construction design;
- the nature of the placement of the main and additional components, namely: the combustion chamber, brazier, chimney, loading door, etc.;
- dimensions of all structural elements.
You should also consider the presence of a roof. There are options with an open and closed type of brazier. In the second case, the design of a brick shish kebab oven looks like a fireplace. The advantages of such a project are obvious, since in case of rain, the hearth will be protected from precipitation. In order for such a structure to function properly, you will definitely have to equip a chimney.
At the design stage, the presence of additional structures is also considered. Near the barbecue, you can equip a platform that will be used for preparing food. A worktop is installed in this area, and a sink with water is also connected. Projects of brick braziers with a stove for a cauldron, in which you can cook pilaf and other dishes on an open fire, look quite attractive.
Important! If water is supplied to an outdoor stove or brazier, in the fall it will be necessary to free the system from liquid, since during frosts the pipes will be destroyed.
How to calculate the size of a structure for building a brick barbecue with your own hands
When the configuration of the barbecue and all components are determined, the dimensional parameters of the structure should be entered into the drawing.There are no definite recommendations regarding this, but do not forget the general standards.
Sizes, photos, shapes. Varieties of barbecues. Stages of manufacturing collapsible and folding products. Original ideas.
The optimum depth of the brazier in the grill for a brick dacha is 12-17 cm. This is quite enough to accommodate the coals. This will prevent food from being too close to the heat.
The brazier itself should be located at a height of about 1 m from the ground level. If this parameter is calculated individually, a simple and convenient measurement method can be used. For this, the distance from the elbow of a standing person to the ground is measured. This will be the ideal height reading.
The standard width of a barbecue for a dacha made of bricks is 1 m.If you increase this indicator, the process of frying kebabs will not be so convenient, since you will have to constantly move between skewers. The width of 1 m allows you to observe the condition of the products, being in one place.
With regard to the depth of the structure (from the back to the front wall), the minimum allowable figure is 0.5 m. Ideally, the skewers should hold firmly on the edges of the brazier. To do this, the depth must correspond to their length, minus the tip and handle. Given that the construction of a brick barbecue in the country house will ultimately have an impressive weight, you will need to equip a massive and solid foundation. The dimensions of this structure should not exceed the dimensions of the base. It is better if the area of the foundation is slightly larger.
Calculating the amount of materials for building a foundation for an outdoor oven with your own hands
For the construction of a capital foundation, you will need to dig a small pit. The bottom of this depression in the ground is leveled, after which a sand cushion is set up. Then a formwork structure is installed on it, which is subsequently poured with a concrete mixture.
To build a formwork to create a base for a brick brazier oven with your own hands, you can use the following materials:
- used boards;
- slate sheets;
- wooden boards;
- metal sheets, etc.
Important! When choosing a material, it is necessary to take into account the strength characteristics, and you should also check it for integrity, otherwise the formwork simply will not withstand the pressure of concrete.
For the construction of a brick brazier with your own hands, you can use both a strip foundation and a tiled base. Despite the difference in configuration, these elements have the same rectangular shape. The calculation of the amount of concrete is carried out according to the formula: V = AxBxC, where A and B are the length and width of the base, C is its depth (without a sand cushion), and V is the amount of mortar required for pouring.
You can use the same formula to calculate the amount of sand required to form a pillow.
Interesting projects for creating a barbecue, stove or brick barbecue
Before building a brick-based barbecue or grill, it is very important to purchase quality material. It depends on how durable and strong the structure is.
The main criteria for choosing high-quality bricks:
- Full body and density - if quartz sand is used as a production raw material, then the optimal indicator is 1800-1950 kg / m3, if clay is 1800-2000 kg / m3.
- Strength level - quality fireclay bricks have a strength index of 22 N / mm².
- Heat resistance - for the construction of a barbecue in a brick country house, it is better to use fireclay blocks that can withstand the influence of 1650-1750 ° C.Ceramic bricks with a temperature limit of up to 1200 ° C can be used to form outer walls, lower levels and a smoke collector.
- The level of thermal conductivity - for high-quality fireclay blocks, this indicator is 0.6, for ceramic bricks - 0.8 units.
In addition, the building material must be resistant to alkalis, acids and salts.
Note! If, when hit with a hammer, a brick makes a loud loud sound, it means that high-quality raw materials were used for its manufacture, and the process itself proceeded without violations of technology.
How to build a base for a simple brick barbecue with your own hands
The design of the simplest barbecue has brick walls with protrusions. They are formed due to the fact that some rows of bricks are placed on the edge. The presence of such protrusions allows you to install skewers with kebabs, barbecue grills or heat-resistant sheets made of metal.
The construction of a simple brick barbecue begins with the arrangement of the base:
- the fertile soil layer is removed;
- a pit is formed under the foundation with a depth of 20-25 cm. The width of this platform should exceed the size of the barbecue by 0.5 m on each side;
- the bottom is leveled, a 15 cm thick crushed stone pillow is formed. For this, it is advisable to use a material with an average fraction size;
- the crushed stone pillow is carefully compacted. For these purposes, suitable vibrating plate... In the absence of such a tool, a wooden or metal ram can be used.
Further actions depend on what type of base is chosen for the installation of the barbecue. For the installation of paving slabs or paving stones, it is enough to pour a small layer of fine-grained sand, after which the coating is laid according to the technology.
The tiled base needs additional reinforcement. For these purposes, a rod with a diameter of 1 cm is suitable. It is laid in increments of 0.2 m across and along the foundation. The intersection zones of the bars are connected using special wire or plastic clamps. A mesh made of thick wire can be used as a reinforcing material.
Then you need to put a formwork structure along the edges of the pit and fill it with concrete. It is advisable to use M250 grade material for this. You can start further work on the manufacture of a barbecue in the country house from a brick with your own hands only after the concrete has completely solidified. If the average temperature during the day does not fall below + 20 ° C, then this will take a week. At a temperature of + 17 ° C, concrete will harden for at least two weeks.
How to build a brick brazier with the simplest design
For work, it is preferable to use a solid ceramic brick of the M200 brand or oven. The latter will cost more. It is not recommended to take fireclay blocks for these purposes, since this material is not very suitable for making an open brick barbecue with your own hands.
To hold the bricks together, you must use a clay-sand mixture. To increase the strength characteristics of this material, a little cement can be added to its composition.
Helpful advice! Beginners can use a ready-made mixture for furnaces, the main thing is that it is not heat-resistant and does not contain chamotte in its composition. The mixing process is carried out according to the instructions.
The optimum seam thickness between rows is 3-5 mm.In the process of work, it is necessary to strictly maintain this size, as well as constantly monitor the placement of bricks horizontally and vertically, otherwise the structure will be crooked. The material is laid in accordance with the selected pattern.
Each odd row begins with the installation of a whole element, and an even row starts with half a brick. The sixth and tenth rows have projections. In this area, the material is laid sideways, and so that the bricks are turned across in relation to the main rows. If you want to make a brazier out of bricks with your own hands with the possibility of installing a lattice, on the 6th and 10th row, protrusions are formed not only on the sides, but also on the back wall. To maintain the thickness of the masonry in these areas, the material is placed in two rows.
Starting from the 7th row, brick laying is carried out only on one of the halves: either on the right or on the left. On one side there will be a heat-resistant chamber, on the other - a table for preliminary preparation of products.
The brick is hygroscopic, so special protection will be required, which will extend its service life. To minimize the contact of the masonry with moisture, a waterproofing material is laid under the first row. For these purposes, a roll-type roofing felt or waterproofing is suitable. The material is laid in two layers, after which the edges around the perimeter are treated with a hydrophobic impregnation. The presence of waterproofing between the first and second rows of masonry will not be superfluous. It takes 4-5 days to dry the structure.
This is not the only option for creating a brick brazier with your own hands; photos of similar structures that can be found on the network visually reflect how diverse the design of such structures can be.
How to fold a brick barbecue: photo and description of the process
This scheme is a little more complicated than the previous version, but a person with no experience can master it. In this case, the combustion chamber has a straight vault, which, in contrast to the vaulted structure, is much easier to perform. The height of the roasting chamber is 0.9 m, while the total height of the barbecue is 217.5 cm.
Before making a brick barbecue, you will need to build a foundation with a monolithic reinforced base. In this case, the metal bar is laid in 15 cm increments on top of the crushed stone pillow. On the dried base, a waterproofing material is laid in two layers. After that, you can start laying bricks.
Note! If the structure is arranged in a gazebo, then the first row of material is laid directly on the floor. If the foundation lies below this level, additional rows of bricks will need to be laid to level the foundation. Only after that you can start assembling a barbecue or barbecue in the gazebo with your own hands according to the proposed scheme.
The first 9 rows are laid in accordance with the scheme. In this case, halves of bricks can be used, if this is indicated in the drawing. In the process of work, it is imperative to check the verticality of the walls and the horizontalness of the rows. In addition, you should control the thickness of the solution. In this case, the optimum thickness is 8-10 mm.
To create the basis for laying a solid 6th row, after the formation of the 5th, you need to put 3 metal strips 4 cm wide, 0.5 cm thick.Its length should be slightly less than the furnace span - about 145 cm.Further brick laying is carried out according to the scheme up to the 12th row, where sawn blocks are placed along the structure. As a result, rows 12-13 form an interesting decorative belt around the barbecue.
The combustion chamber is formed by 20-25 rows.On the 22nd row, the vault overlaps, after which the structure begins to gradually narrow. The vault is formed up to the 30th row, when the structure passes into the chimney. Then it is necessary to alternate the 30th and 31st rows until the required height is reached.
How to make a brazier out of bricks in the gazebo: the initial stage
The above design options will not work if the grill is installed in a gazebo, since the smoke from the fire will collect under the roof. In this case, it is advisable to use a project involving the construction of a chimney. Before you make a brazier out of bricks with your own hands, you need to decide on the location, and also make a foundation. A concrete slab can be used as a base, which is laid on top of a sand cushion under the entire structure. The gazebo itself is installed on logs.
For the construction of a barbecue, it is advisable to use a stove brick, since it is resistant to high temperatures. A mixture of clay and sand can be used as a bonding material.
List of tools required for work:
- trowel for applying clay-sand mixture;
- shovel for forming a foundation pit;
- tape measure for taking measurements;
- plumb line and bubble-type construction level;
- wooden jointing, which will allow you to get the same seams;
- bucket and trough.
The installation location of the barbecue is selected taking into account its design. If the pipe version is used, then the structure is located at the edge of the gazebo or in the middle of it. With a central location, free access to the structure will be provided from either side. In this case, a bench can be installed behind the barbecue. The heated wall will create comfortable conditions for seated people.
Helpful advice! If you equip the grill with a chamber for storing firewood, then during operation it will warm up, drawing excess moisture from the wood. This makes the fuel material easier to ignite.
If the grill is installed on the side, then it will be possible to free up additional space. Structures with a stove, oven, working area or smokehouse cannot be placed in the center. This installation option is not suitable for barbecues that do not have a pipe.
Preparing the base for the grill in a brick gazebo with your own hands
To equip the foundation for the barbecue, you should dig a pit of the required size and form a crushed stone pillow at the bottom. Then a bonding solution is prepared. To do this, mix sand and cement in a 3: 1 ratio, respectively. The pit is filled with this solution in layers. The mixture alternates with a reinforcing mesh, which will prevent the destruction of the base. In this case, it is very important to ensure that the first layer of reinforcing material is placed directly into the mortar, and not at the bottom of the pit.
After filling the pit, roofing material is laid. The foundation needs at least 2 weeks to dry out. If the weather is hot outside, the base should be moistened with water. You can start laying bricks only after the foundation has completely hardened.
The bonding solution is prepared in advance. To do this, the clay is soaked in water for a week. The solution must be stirred periodically and, if necessary, top up with water. At the last stage of preparation, sand is added. The material is poured in small portions until the consistency of the solution becomes thick. To check this, you need to dip a wooden stick into the mixture, and then take it out. If the solution covers it with a thin, even layer, then the density of the mixture is optimal.
How to build a brick gazebo with barbecue: photo and description of the workflow
The foundation for the gazebo is equipped separately. To do this, in the corners of the future structure, it is necessary to dig 4 holes, fill them to one level with concrete and wait until they dry completely. Next, roofing material is laid, lags are installed. The space above them is formed by paving stones or stones.
Helpful advice! Before proceeding with the installation of the coating, it is advisable to lay the film. It will prevent grass from sprouting between the paving stones.
To install the supports, pits are dug, racks are placed in a strictly vertical position and poured with concrete. After that, the installation of the upper logs, as well as the rafter system, is carried out. Anchor bolts are used to fasten these elements together.
Between the rafters, the lathing structure is being installed for laying the roofing material. If desired, walls can be made in the gazebo. The project may not include them. If, nevertheless, the structure will have walls, then boards should be nailed to the racks. They are positioned horizontally, vertically or diagonally.
How to make a brazier with your own hands from bricks: assembly of the structure
Bricklaying is carried out only after the foundation has completely hardened. Before starting work, you need to apply markings to the base in the area where the brazier will be installed. At the first stage of construction, the basement is made In accordance with the markings, the first row of bricks is laid, and you need to move from the corner zones to the center. Starting from the second row, the material is placed with a shift of half a brick. This is done first in one direction, and then in the other.
A reinforcing mesh is installed every three rows. It will prevent the structure from collapsing and cracking. The reinforcing material can cause distortion, therefore, during its installation, the barbecue is checked using a plumb line and a building level. When the construction of the basement is completed, you can start making the firebox. This element can be made of brick or concrete base, which is pre-cast.
If the structure has an arched-type firebox, a circle will be suitable for its manufacture. Chips can be used to leave a 10 mm gap between the bricks. With the help of the solution, the resulting empty space is filled. The device must be allowed to dry for 2 days.
Important! The circle must be removed very carefully so as not to damage the structure.
A reinforced concrete beam should pass over the firebox. It can be replaced with a reinforced corner, on which one row of bricks is laid. It doesn't matter if the structure has small slots: they will provide oxygen access, which will facilitate the combustion process. If the brazier is equipped with a place for a barbecue, then protrusions will need to be formed to mount the grill.
At the final stage, a chimney with a pipe is made, as well as walls that cover from the wind. To prevent precipitation from entering the structure, you can install a metal visor on top.
How to build a stone brazier with your own hands in a summer cottage
Along with brick structures, barbecues made of stone are popular among summer residents. These structures are no less practical and durable, while they have an interesting textured finish that perfectly emphasizes the beauty of nature and the surrounding landscape.
For the construction of a stone barbecue, you can use the following materials:
The stone can be of various shapes, for example, in the form of a limestone, torn rubble or a thallus.
Note! It is not recommended to use rough, irregular cobblestones as they are very difficult to work with.
DIY stone barbecue construction technology
Since the construction of a stone barbecue has significant weight, a massive base will be required. For these purposes, a concrete slab is suitable. Its upper part should rise about 10-15 cm above the ground. Markings are applied to the foundation for the construction of the basement. In order for the structure to retain its shape during masonry, a frame should be used.
The assembly of a stone-based fireplace is carried out on the same principle as the construction of a brick structure. All joints must be thoroughly coated with a solution. In this case, it is necessary to ensure that the masonry is as dense as possible. To increase the strength of the structure, a metal rod must be laid in the seams.
The stone is laid in accordance with the chosen pattern. As you progress, the brazier and additional work surfaces are equipped, if they are provided for by the project. It is advisable to use wooden spacers to secure the masonry. By incorporating metal bridges, the strength of the structure can be increased. These elements greatly simplify the work in the manufacture of horizontal surfaces.
In the area where the coals will be located, a frame and a metal grate should be placed, preferably made of cast iron. If you hammer staples between the stones, you can install grill. In this case, it is very important that these elements are at the same level, otherwise it will be skewed. The upper part of the working area, which will be used for the preliminary preparation of products, is recommended to be tiled or equipped with a table top.
When the fireplace is ready, the excess bonding mortar is removed, the dirt is cleaned out and the finish is done. The frame part of the structure can be made of bricks, on top of which cladding is made using natural or artificial stone. In this case, flat elements should be used.
If you adhere to the technology and strictly follow the stone or brick laying scheme, any summer resident can handle the construction of a homemade barbecue. The choice of quality materials is the key to strength and durability, and a careful approach to project development will allow you to get a comfortable design that will satisfy all your needs.