In the new real estate market, the leading position in the field of private design is occupied by projects of houses with an attic and a garage. This popularity is due to the aesthetics and versatility of the structure, combined with a saving factor. However, such a building has features that you should familiarize yourself with before starting construction.
- 1 Projects of houses with an attic and a garage: distinctive features of cottages
- 2 Highlights of designing a home with a garage and an attic
- 3 The choice of material for the construction of a house with an attic and a garage: photo examples
- 4 Compliance of the outline of the structure with the size of the land plot
- 5 What kind of roof to provide in the project of a house with an attic and a garage: photo examples
- 6 Correct insulation of a small house with an attic and a garage
- 7 Interior layout options for a house with an attic
- 8 Project options for creating large buildings
Projects of houses with an attic and a garage: distinctive features of cottages
A house with an attic - the photos clearly show various options - is the most rational solution for a small plot, allowing you to increase the living space without reducing land. The presence of personal transport becomes the reason for another popular technique - building a house with a garage.
Cottage projects with a garage and an attic have a number of advantages:
- due to the combination of two functional areas, it is possible to reduce the costs associated with the development of the project and the implementation of construction work;
- the adjacent location of the living area and the garage creates a comfortable environment in the latter, which leads to a decrease in costs associated with heating the garage;
- the creation of an internal passage allows you to freely move from room to garage, without going outside, which is especially convenient during bad weather;
- the creation of an attic space provides an increase in living space, which is especially important for one-story buildings;
- a compact multifunctional building allows you to significantly save the free area of the land;
- the construction of the attic will be much cheaper than the construction of the second floor;
- the attic floor allows you to additionally insulate the living space, saving it from drafts;
- an attached garage will cost much less than a free-standing element;
- the buildings have a stylish and presentable appearance, which makes them stand out from other buildings.
Highlights of designing a home with a garage and an attic
Before dwelling on a typical project or placing an order for an individual construction option, you should decide on the key points.Along with the attractive exterior of the building, the following positions deserve attention:
- selection of the basic material for the construction of the building;
- combining the building with the surrounding landscape design;
- compliance of the outline of the structure with the size of the land plot;
- choice of building roof structure;
- the necessary insulation of the roof of the attic floor;
- interior layout.
It is recommended to entrust the development of a house plan with an attic and a garage to specialists, including architects, engineers, builders and designers. Thanks to this, it will be possible to eliminate inaccuracies in calculations and technical errors in the project.
The roof requires special attention, the design of which must be thought out carefully. Damp warm air, rising from the house, forms condensation, and natural external influences in the form of precipitation and the sun can worsen the state of the interior decoration of the upper room. To prevent this from happening, you should correctly organize heat, hydro and vapor barrier.
The choice of material for the construction of a house with an attic and a garage: photo examples
For the construction of a cottage with an attic floor and a garage, you can use bricks, foam blocks, aerated concrete, wooden beams, sandwich panels. Each option has undeniable advantages and disadvantages. The choice of material depends on the climatic zone of the area and the characteristics of the soil.
Useful advice! Less costly and laborious during construction is frame garage with an attic.
The classic material for building houses is brick, which has a low cost, it is a good heat and sound insulator. A brick wall is one of the most stable structures that can support the weight of the attic. Load-bearing walls do not need to be reinforced, which saves money on building a house. This material creates a solid, reliable appearance of the structure.
Useful advice! An attic room can be created after the completion of the construction of a brick house, which was not previously provided for in the project.
Another traditional material for the construction of low-rise buildings is wood. She, like brick, has high heat and sound insulation characteristics. Moreover, it is an environmentally friendly product. A house made of wooden beams will have a presentable appearance. In addition, a wooden structure can last for over 50 years.
However, wood is prone to quick ignition, which increases the risk of fire. This can cause the destruction of not only the living space, but also the car in the garage. In addition, the material has a rather high cost, which is more acceptable for people who are not limited in finances.
Modern building material for the construction of houses with an attic
Today, aerated concrete or gas silicate blocks are very popular. They have the same performance characteristics as bricks, but the process of building a building is greatly simplified. The elements are lightweight so that construction work can be carried out alone. It also helps to reduce the load on the foundation of the building. However, the material has the worst bearing capacity, which should be taken into account even at the design stage. The visual application of the material can be seen in the photo of projects of houses from foam blocks with an attic and a garage.
Sandwich panels are supplied as a complete set. The constituent elements of the structure are made according to a pre-developed project of an attic house with a garage, taking into account the arrangement of the rooms. SIP panels are assembled according to the drawing plan.It is not possible to plan an additional garage or attic after the construction of the panels.
The construction of a frame house with a garage and an attic is easy, but here it is important to correctly calculate the load on the frame. If this is not done, the structure will not survive and will form like a house of cards. The use of this material will facilitate the process of interior decoration.
Compliance of the outline of the structure with the size of the land plot
When the need arises to create a large living area with a modest size of land, many choose two-story buildings, various variations of which can be seen in the photo of projects of 8 by 10 houses with an attic and a garage. However, the daily movement of the stairs will please few. This is especially true for the elderly and people with reduced mobility. In this case, you should pay attention to projects of one-story houses with a garage and an attic.
If the site is narrow, it is better to give preference to the option of a building with a blank wall, on which there are no windows and doors. This solution will allow you to build a house with an attic in the immediate vicinity of the site boundary. A building for household needs can be placed along the longitudinal walls.
When choosing a room layout option, it is necessary to arrange the living room and bedrooms at the ends of the building, due to which the maximum penetration of natural light into the room, including the attic, will be ensured. The entrance should be placed in the pediment or end part. Placement of a garage with an attic - the photo clearly shows this - a pediment is also chosen.
What kind of roof to provide in the project of a house with an attic and a garage: photo examples
Typically, in typical projects of houses with a garage and an attic, a roof is provided that simultaneously covers the main building and an extension in the form of a garage. There are options in which one of the attic rooms is arranged above the garage. We can immediately assume that any type of roof is suitable for such buildings, this is clearly displayed in the photo of projects of houses with a garage for 2 cars. As practice shows, some options are economically unjustified, since they require significant financial costs. In addition, some types of structures cannot be arranged in a certain climatic zone due to the high building height.
In projects of a small house with an attic and a garage, the most suitable types of roof are gable, hip and half-hip, which are clearly displayed in the photo. The simplest version is the gable structure. However, because of such a roof, the attic room will be small, narrow and uncomfortable.
Hip and half-hip roofs are hipped. Thanks to such broken structures, it is possible to use 90% of the area of the attic room, while obtaining comfortable living rooms. However, the design of such complex structures will require the help of specialists. Such mansard roofs look very aesthetically pleasing and original, emphasizing the uniqueness of the structure.
Useful advice! For convenient and comfortable operation of the attic floor, its height should be at least 2.5 m.
Projects of attic houses are very popular, in which the roof of the building and the garage is a single whole. However, from a practical point of view, the most successful option would be where the upper part of the garage will serve as the basis for creating an attic terrace.
Correct insulation of a small house with an attic and a garage
Houses with an attic need to be properly insulated. It is not necessary to insulate the garage.Good ventilation is important here. The most difficult stage is the insulation of the attic floor. It is important here to exclude the occurrence of drafts and the penetration of cold gusts of wind. Also, waterproofing should be properly organized. The choice of insulation depends on the type of premises that are located under the attic, and on the length of time spent on the floor.
The most popular material is foam. It is supplied in slabs, which makes it easy to transport and install. The material is characterized by light weight, good thermal insulation properties, and low cost. Among the disadvantages are the ease of ignition and the greater likelihood of fragmentation of the product during installation.
Another budget material that is often used for warming attics is glass wool, which has a high degree of thermal insulation and resistance to fire. However, it is difficult to work with the material, as it releases glass dust, hazardous to human health, into the air, which can damage the respiratory tract. Installation of the product should be carried out in special protective equipment that protects the respiratory system and skin from damage.
Important! If the attic will be used as a living space, glass wool should not be used.
The equivalent of glass wool, which has the same characteristics, but is devoid of disadvantages, is mineral wool. In addition, the material is characterized by resistance to high humidity, good vapor permeability, immunity to the nucleation of microorganisms, reduced heat-conducting properties and environmental friendliness. Such distinctive advantages are reflected in the cost of the material.
Interior layout options for a house with an attic
The interior layout of the premises is carried out taking into account the customer's requirements at the stage of developing a project for a garage with an attic - the layout photos clearly demonstrate various options. It all depends on the desired number of rooms, their purpose, which is determined by the composition of the family and the requirements of the owners. However, these buildings require special attention to determining the path from the house to the garage and the type of staircase construction.
A comfortable and convenient rise to the floor is provided by a staircase with a large angle of inclination. It should be noted that such a design requires a large amount of free territory. A reasonable way out of this situation is to equip a practical pantry under the stairs, book shelves or a spacious wardrobe for clothes or household items.
The spiral staircase has a compact design. However, it is not very convenient. But in the case of choosing such a design, it is required to think over the steepness of the spiral, the optimal width of the steps and the height of the treads.
Advantages and features of such buildings, interesting layout options and tips. Indoor and outdoor terraces.
The entrance to the garage can be arranged directly from the house. In this case, it is necessary to think over the design of the vestibule. Measures should be taken to reduce the noise level and provide a reliable barrier against the penetration of fuel and carbon monoxide odors into the living space. The project of a garage for two cars with an attic will be appreciated by the owners during bad weather. Despite this, one entrance to the garage from the street is still considered more rational.
Project options for creating large buildings
Today there are many variations of ready-made house projects and cottages with an attic and a garage. All of them differ in size and internal filling.There are options for one-story and two-story buildings, premises with a basement, a wine store or a bathhouse.
Houses with an area of more than 100 m² are much easier to furnish. Photos of building plans clearly display many different variations, including projects for a garage and an attic for 2 cars. The attic floor will be more spacious due to the large free space. Here it is possible to organize several living rooms, equip a gym, put a billiard table or create a spacious living room. A garage, which can have different dimensions, is easy to attach on either side of the structure. At the same time, it is imperative to take into account the aesthetics of the house so that the extension does not distort its proportions.
The construction of an overall structure can be carried out according to the project of a one-story house with a garage for 2 cars. This is especially true when the family has two cars. Above the garage, you can organize a winter garden, a home theater or a playroom, which is clearly displayed in the photo of a 2-car garage with an attic.
You can add style and originality to the structure by replacing the standard walls of the attic floor with glass ones. Also, owners of two or more cars will appreciate house project with garage under the house located on the ground floor. In this case, the living rooms are located in the attic room, which is planned based on the personal preferences of the owners of the house. Various options can be seen in the photo of garage projects with a residential attic.
Variations of small house projects: photo examples
Projects of houses with an attic up to 100 m² require a more careful approach when arranging living quarters and a garage. If the house is elongated and narrow, the garage is attached from the end. In the case of a square structure, the extension can be made from either side. Another option, which is often provided for in the project of a 6 by 8 house with an attic, is the equipment of a basement floor, where you can equip a garage... This solution will allow you to get a compact, roomy, multifunctional and stylish building in a small area. A steam room or a sauna can be arranged next to the garage.
Helpful advice! Projects of garages with an attic, where the parking space is equipped on the basement floor, is advisable to use in hilly terrain. This will visually smooth out the relief and harmonize the surrounding landscape and the general appearance of the building.
The attic in this case will have a smaller area. It is possible to arrange just one room here. Therefore, in order to get the maximum free space, special attention should be paid to the roof structure, choosing the broken version. For the dacha version, the attic room can be used as a utility room. In this case, it is recommended to equip a gable roof, as a result of which it will be possible to significantly save on construction.
When creating a house design, additional architectural elements are often used, thanks to which not only a presentable and stylish appearance of the building is created, but also the free space inside the house expands. One of these elements is the bay window. Photos of houses with a garage and an attic clearly demonstrate the many variations in its location.
You can also use columns, exclusive windows. Additional arrangement of a terrace or veranda will ennoble the building, making it more comfortable. For a comfortable summer vacation, it will not be superfluous to create a balcony.
The project of a house with an attic deserves attention (the photo clearly displays this), where the garage is covered with a flat roof, which is the base of the terrace.Aesthetics and elegance of the design are achieved by skillful combination of finishing materials. A large family will like a spacious cottage with an attic topped with a sloping roof, which ensures maximum targeted use of the attic floor.
Before deciding on a specific option, you should study in detail various projects, where in the plan of a house with an attic and a garage, all kinds of variations of the internal layout of the premises are presented. Experienced specialists will adapt the selected development for a specific region and make the necessary changes based on the wishes of the customer.