When choosing an apartment in a new building, preference is most often given to housing without finishing. This is due to the fact that the price of such real estate is much lower than that of apartments with simple renovation. In addition, this is a great opportunity to carry out all repair and finishing work, taking into account your own wishes, preferences and financial capabilities. Renovation of an apartment in a new building from scratch has many nuances, which are detailed in this article.
- 1 What is an apartment in a new building
- 2 Renovation of an apartment in a new building from scratch: where to start and when
- 3 How to start repairs in a new building?
- 4 Where to start repairs in a new building without finishing: layout of premises
- 5 The sequence of repairs in an apartment in a new building
- 6 What is the best ceiling for a new building?
- 7 Repair in a turnkey new building with and without materials
What is an apartment in a new building
The cost of repairs in a new building depends on the condition of the apartment in which it is rented out to future owners. This could be:
- overall room with a rough repair, designed for free planning;
- apartments with pre-finishing;
- apartment with fine finishing.
The first option is an overall room with bare load-bearing walls without finishing, made of bricks, concrete or building blocks. The floor is presented in the form of a concrete slab without a screed, the ceiling - the lower surface of the slab without finishing. These apartments provide for a cheap and unreliable front door, double glazed windows. The apartment is supplied with electricity and a small board with one automatic machine. Heating wiring was completed with the installation of batteries and shut-off and control valves. This is the only communication that is ready for use.
The apartment has cold and hot water risers with outlets, on which sealed meters and taps are installed. A sewer riser with a branch closed with a plug was also introduced. The cost of repairs in a new building of such an apartment will be the most significant, since everything will have to be done from scratch. However, this is a good opportunity to do all the work with high quality.
In houses where gas stoves will be installed, gas is introduced and a meter is installed. The new owners will not only have to deal with the repair and decoration of the apartment in the new building, but also perform at the initial stage the full layout of the premises and the wiring of all the necessary communications.
The variants, where the pre-finishing of apartments in new buildings was made, are fully prepared for decorative finishing, namely, the floor was screed and the walls were plastered. There is a certain layout here, plumbing and heating appliances are installed. The price of repairs in a turnkey new building of such an apartment will cost 8000 rubles / m².
Apartments in a new building with renovation from the developer are fully prepared for housewarming. It has inexpensive ceilings, walls and floors. Installed budget plumbing and heating appliances. It remains only to complete the lighting and furnishing of the apartment. Buying a renovated apartment in a new building is not always a very successful idea, since the developer often uses low-quality materials when performing repair and finishing work, which affects an unjustified increase in the cost of a new apartment.
Important! Regardless of the option for finishing the premises, contributions for major repairs in a new building should be paid if the house was handed over to new owners before July 1, 2016.
Renovation of an apartment in a new building from scratch: where to start and when
Before you start renovating an apartment from scratch, you should consider one very important feature of a new house. It lies in the fact that the house in the first years of operation will certainly shrink, which may affect the state of its structural elements. Visible cracks may form on the walls and ceiling of the apartment, which will be a clear indication that the building materials for repair and finishing work have been chosen incorrectly.
To exclude this possibility, you should not carry out major repairs in a new building from scratch. The necessary minimum is being fulfilled in stages, and after one and a half to two years the housing is brought to an ideal state. Such a solution will allow you to carefully plan all stages of future repairs, taking into account possible identified nuances during the initial operation of housing, prepare the necessary building materials and decide on the performers of the work.
Useful advice! It is better to purchase building materials in winter, when there is a decline in market activity, and it is better to start work in the spring, which is associated with a minimal workload of construction teams and low cost of services.
Initially, the noisiest and dirtiest work should be done in a new apartment.The main stages of repair in a new building from scratch at the initial stage of operation are the following:
- dismantling and installation work with the enclosing elements of the room;
- performance of electrical work;
- installation of plumbing communications and equipment;
- floor screed;
- leveling the surface of the walls;
- installation of suspended or suspended ceilings;
- device of the underfloor heating system.
How to start repairs in a new building?
When the question is, where to start renovating an apartment in a new building, the answer is obvious - with a competent organization of the space, namely with the layout of the premises. Usually, apartments in a new building are sold with a free layout, where only load-bearing walls are erected. On the one hand, this is a good opportunity for the implementation of a unique design idea, on the other, this freedom has a number of restrictions, violation of which entails the imposition of penalties or even the loss of an apartment.
Based on personal preferences, an apartment plan is developed, where it is planned to build new or eliminate old partitions. It can be ordered from an interior designer. This plan must be approved in accordance with current legislation. Then you can start preparing a plan for laying engineering communications, which is carried out based on the location of plumbing fixtures, electrical appliances and large furniture.
When redeveloping an apartment, it is strictly prohibited to carry out the following works:
- combining a kitchen area with a gas stove with a living room;
- installation of an entrance to the bathroom from a living room or kitchen;
- moving the kitchen in the apartment to the location of the bathroom or living room;
- the location of the bathroom above the living quarters or the kitchen of the neighbors;
- arrangement of a kitchen or living rooms without natural light;
- installation of the electrical wiring cable or laying of pipelines in the seams of wall panels and in floor slabs;
- laying or reducing the section of the ventilation duct;
- an increase in the load on the supporting structures exceeding the values permissible in the project;
- transferring centralized heating batteries and hot water supply pipelines that are connected to the common house system to verandas, balconies or loggias;
- connection of the underfloor heating system to the general building hot water or heating system.
Works requiring BTI permission:
- works related to changing the architectural appearance of the facade;
- works that affect the supporting structures of the room;
- transfer or expansion of bathrooms and toilets;
- all work related to gas.
What can be done without permission during the renovation of a new apartment
When performing repairs in a new building with your own hands without the consent of the BTI, you can perform the following activities, which you only need to notify the appropriate authority:
- rearrangement of sanitary appliances in the existing dimensions of kitchens, bathrooms and toilets;
- embedding or device in non-bearing partitions of doorways;
- glazing of balconies and loggias;
- installation of additional non-bearing partitions without a significant increase in the load on the floor slabs;
- dismantling of non-bearing partitions.
The list of works that can be carried out without notifying the relevant authorities:
- redecoration of premises;
- installation of new engineering equipment, the parameters and technical arrangement of which are similar to the previous one;
- rearrangement of floor electric stoves within the kitchen;
- installation and dismantling of built-in mezzanines and cabinets;
- installation of external technical devices on the facades of the building: air conditioners, protective nets, antennas;
- installation of doors and showcases of self-sliding or carousel type without changing the size of the room;
- changing the appearance and materials of loggias, balconies and external structures;
- rearrangement of gas and heating appliances.
Where to start repairs in a new building without finishing: layout of premises
After purchasing housing in a new house, the question immediately arises of where to start DIY repairs in a new building in order to get a comfortable, functional and stylish apartment. You should immediately decide on the style of apartment decoration. To do this, you should use the services of an experienced designer who will create a photo project based on the personal preferences and requirements of the owners.
You can also develop an inexpensive design yourself. Photos of apartment renovation in new buildings, located on sites on the Internet, will help in this matter. This will help to significantly save on the total cost of repairs.
The most popular styles of apartment interior in a new house are the following areas:
- Art Deco;
- high tech;
The features of each style can be studied on specialized sites and see the visual embodiment of ideas in the photo.
After the general direction of the design of the premises has been chosen, you can start drawing up a table of the stages of repair in a new building from scratch. Here, everything needs to be thought out to the smallest detail, from the location of the partitions to the color of the bathroom tiles. It is imperative to decide where and how furniture, plumbing fixtures, appliances, lighting fixtures, etc. will be placed. This will allow you to deliberately perform future electrical wiring and laying of other utilities in the apartment. With such a plan in hand, you can start a rough repair in a new building.
The detailed plan also includes an estimate for the renovation of an apartment in a new building with a list of the necessary tools and materials. Additionally, you should take into account the costs of delivery of materials, removal and removal of construction waste. You should also include the cost of specialist services to perform certain types of work. This will allow you to get the total cost of repairing an apartment in a new building with materials.
Photos of interesting design solutions. The main rules and effective techniques when decorating the interior design of the kitchen, living room and hallway.
The sequence of repairs in an apartment in a new building
How to start repairs in a new building? With a rough finish. These are the dirtiest jobs that are performed in all rooms at once. After that, all construction waste is removed, and the elements of the room are cleaned of dirt and dust. This stage is also called the pre-finishing of an apartment in a new building. We will consider what these works are in more detail:
- dismantling of windows and entrance doors with possible expansion or reduction of openings;
- installation of a new door and windows;
- demolition of old and erection of new partitions, according to the project;
- chipping holes and grooves in the walls for laying communications;
- implementation of electrical wiring according to the plan with the installation of a shield, junction boxes, socket boxes into which the ends of the cables are inserted;
- laying of low-current wiring (telephony, internet, TV, security systems);
- soundproofing of the ceiling and walls;
- laying of pipelines for hot and cold water supply, connection to a sewer riser;
- alignment of the ceiling and walls;
- false ceiling installation;
- putty and priming of the ceiling and walls;
- glazing and finishing of a balcony or loggia;
- floor preparation: insulation, sound insulation and filling of a screed with a reinforcing layer;
- finishing of a bathroom and a bathroom.
You can make repairs in a new building yourself, but it is better to entrust it to specialists, or use the services of performing a certain stage. Among the large number of proposals of construction organizations, you can choose the most appropriate option. The price of a rough repair in a new building with material starts from 6,000 rubles. per sq. m. and depends on the nature of the work and the types of building materials.
After completing the rough work, they begin the final stage of repair in the new building. It consists in the following list of works:
- wall cladding with finishing materials;
- laying flooring;
- installation of interior doors;
- fixing platbands and baseboards;
- installation of sockets and switches;
- connection of household appliances;
- installation of furniture and decor elements.
Useful advice! The final stage of work is best done after several years of operation of a residential building.
Where to start repairs in a new apartment without finishing: dismantling work
Repair from scratch in a new building begins with a complex of dismantling works. Before the start of this stage, a new floor plan has already been prepared, where all the necessary enclosing structures are displayed. Existing non-bearing partitions may be subject to dismantling in order to redevelop, expand or reduce the area of the room. Usually these are partitions between rooms. They must be installed without harm to the building.
Important! Solid load-bearing walls are not subject to demolition, the functional value of which is shown in the technical passport of the room.
If you wish, you can dismantle a certain part of the balcony in order to be able to turn it into a loggia with stained glass windows. Often, low-quality double-glazed windows are installed in new-built apartments, which require mandatory replacement with more expensive and reliable products. Also, this stage includes the device or reinforcement of doorways. In a new apartment, it may be necessary to dismantle the elements of the heating system when there is a need to replace the location of the radiators.
All dismantling work can be performed independently, armed with the necessary tools and personal protective equipment, or you can use the help of specialists, having studied in detail before this the question of how much repairs in a new building cost. Today, most construction organizations offer a list of services with their own prices. So, when repairing new-build apartments on a turnkey basis, the price of dismantling the wall is 300 rubles / m², windows - 500 rubles. per piece, doors - 400 rubles. per piece, radiators - 410 rubles. per piece
Installation of partitions
How do you start renovating a new apartment with a free layout? To form the interior space of the room, interior partitions are mounted, according to the developed plan. The best option in this case is to use a dry construction system. These are structures that consist of a metal frame, sheathed plasterboard sheets 12.5 mm thick. Compared to other options, such partitions are lightweight, which does not increase the load on the building's supporting structure.
With this material, you can make partitions of any configuration in a short period of time. In addition, the material has good sound insulation properties. The cost of the material is 200-350 rubles. per sheet. Installation price will be 1000 rubles / m².
Useful advice! MA shrinkage gap of 35-40 mm should be left between the ceiling and the top of the partition, which is filled with polyurethane foam.
Another equally popular option is the installation of interior partitions from gas or foam concrete blocks. The material is characterized by a high surface quality that does not require laborious plastering. For rooms with high humidity, it is better to use foam concrete, which is characterized by low hygroscopicity.
To create good sound insulation, products with a thickness of at least 75 mm should be used.In addition, thicker blocks withstand the cantilever load well without compromising the integrity of the structure. Thanks to the large block format, the speed of installation work is increased. The cost of products is on average 800-850 rubles / m², taking into account construction and installation work - 1500 rubles / m².
A less popular option is the construction of partitions from solid building bricks, the grade of which must be at least M100. In order for the partition to be stable, its thickness must be at least 170 mm, taking into account the plaster layer. Such a partition not only takes up a significant part of the free space, but also creates an additional load on the floor due to the high density of the products.
This design has high strength and increased moisture resistance. However, the construction process is very laborious, requiring a significant consumption of masonry material and plaster, which affects the total cost of the structure. The price of work together with the material starts from 1650 rubles / m².
Electric installation work
How to start renovating a new apartment without electrical wiring? The electrical wiring to the apartment starts from the switchboard, which can be located on the wall or in a niche. When the electrical panel is installed outside the apartment, a cable with copper conductors should be pulled from it to the panel into the apartment. Automatic switches are installed inside the switchboard, electric meter, residual current device and terminal blocks.
For a new apartment, it is recommended to install several lines of electrical wiring that will be used to power powerful energy consumers: lighting lines, socket lines, powerful kitchen and household appliances.
In new-build apartments, electrical wiring is laid in a hidden way, that is, the cables are mounted under a layer of plaster, in the floor under the screed, above a stretch or suspended ceiling. If the partitions are made of plasterboard, then the wires are laid in corrugation.
Before carrying out electrical work, a detailed plan for the power supply of the apartment should be developed with the designation of all connection points. On the basis of the plan, markings are applied to the walls, along which holes are channeled. The size of the groove depends on the number of electrical cables and wires to be laid and on their thickness. When the holes are prepared, wires are laid in them, which are fastened with special clips. Then the grooves are covered with alabaster and plastered.
Useful advice! It is recommended that a small margin of wiring be left in all junction boxes for future repairs.
Electrical work can be done independently, or you can use the services of specialists. The cost of electrical work when renovating a turnkey apartment in a new building starts from 800 rubles / m². For apartments with an area of 40 m², the work will cost 18 thousand rubles, with an area of 70 m² - 30 thousand rubles.
Basic rules and necessary materials for electrical work
It is important to follow some rules here:
- at least two branches must enter each room: for lighting and sockets;
- wiring is carried out strictly horizontally or vertically without slopes and angles;
- all connections and branches of wires must be packed in insulating boxes;
- switches in rooms should be located near the front door at a height of about 1.5 m;
- sockets are located at a height of 0.5-0.8 m;
- the number of outlets for an ordinary apartment with an average electricity consumption is 1 pc. 6 m²;
- for the installation of electrical wiring, stranded copper wires with an appropriate cross-section in double insulation are used;
- sockets and switches must have brass contacts, and internal parts are made of ceramic.
For the installation of electrical wiring, you should purchase the following components:
- three-core cable VVG for sockets with a cross section of 3x2.5 mm², for a lighting line - 3x1.5 mm²; for connecting powerful electrical appliances - 3x4 mm²,
- main machine with a nominal value of 25-32 A;
- RCD 50 A;
- circuit breaker rated 10 A for the lighting line, or 16 A - for sockets;
- sockets with a degree of protection of at least 44;
- illuminated switches;
- junction boxes and terminals for connecting wires.
Installation of plumbing communications
Asking the question of where to start repairing an apartment in a new building without communications, you need to understand that the plumbing in the apartment is wired according to a pre-planned plan, on the basis of which the necessary materials and plumbing devices are purchased. The distribution of pipes for hot and cold water supply can be carried out hidden in pre-prepared grooves in the walls of the room. If the thickness of the partitions does not allow such an installation, then the pipes can be hidden behind plastic or drywall boxes, which are lined with the same material as the walls.
Today, polypropylene products are very popular for the installation of plumbing communications. It is a high quality durable material. Installation of pipelines is carried out using solder fittings. This assembly method guarantees a long service life of the product, which can withstand the temperature of the coolant up to 130 degrees. and pressure up to 12 atm.
When laying pipelines in a niche, the size of the strobe should be twice the diameter of the pipes. This is due to the fact that the material of the products is characterized by a high coefficient of thermal expansion, which contributes to the bending and expansion of the pipeline under the influence of the high temperature of the coolant. The water supply system can be collector or tee. The first option is considered the most preferable. Here it is possible to install taps to shut off all plumbing fixtures.
The installation of plumbing fixtures is carried out after the completion of the rough repair. They are located in specially prepared places, near which fittings are located for connecting devices to communications. The water connection is carried out after installing taps and other valves on the devices.
This type of work can be done by hand, or you can invite an experienced specialist. The average cost of renovating an apartment in a new building with materials is 50 thousand rubles.
What is the best ceiling for a new building?
Due to the shrinkage of the house, cracks may appear on the ceilings. Therefore, you should choose the most suitable finishing option, which is not afraid of such defects. How to start in a new building from scratch ceiling repair? The most budgetary option is painting or whitewashing the ceiling surface. This is a justified method with a perfectly flat surface. In addition, after the appearance of cracks, you can immediately restore the original appearance of the ceiling. However, if the surface has minor irregularities, they will have to be removed with plaster, which is a costly, laborious, painstaking and messy process.
A more acceptable option is to install a plasterboard structure of any configuration with a floating frame fastening, so that the integrity of the surface will not be compromised as a result of building shrinkage. This solution allows you to get free space between the coating and the base plate, which can be used for installing lamps or laying communications.
Note! The disadvantage of this option is the high cost of the material. In addition, the construction of a suspended structure will reduce the height of the walls by 10-15 cm.
The most popular option is to install a stretch ceiling using PVC fabric. This work is carried out by a specialized organization in a short time. As a result, you can get a perfectly flat ceiling of any color and texture. The cost of this design is comparable to the previous version, but the process is less laborious, dirty and faster. The main disadvantage of such a ceiling is its low strength. Furniture or a sharp object can permanently damage the surface integrity.
Another suitable option for a new building is finishing the ceiling with PVC or MDF panels. Such a coating is not afraid of building shrinkage. Among the wide range of products, you can choose products with imitation of expensive wood species.
Features of wall preparation
The walls in the room can be made of aerated concrete, reinforced concrete, brick or gas silicate. In some cases, the developer can use reinforced concrete panels with a high quality surface for the construction of wall structures, which is enough just to putty. In most cases, walls must be leveled with plaster.
For interiors, it is better to use gypsum-based mixtures. For rooms with high humidity, it is advisable to use cement-sand compositions for which a reinforcing mesh is pre-installed. To level the surface, plastering the walls is carried out along the beacons in several layers. The layer of plaster should not be more than 5 cm. The price of the material is in the range of 250-550 rubles. per bag weighing 25 kg.
Useful advice! DTo eliminate significant surface irregularities, it is advisable and less costly to use gypsum plasterboards.
The base should be primed before applying the plaster. Any primer is suitable for slightly absorbent concrete surfaces. For walls made of aerated concrete or ceramic bricks, it is advisable to use special compounds. They help to reduce the absorbency of the substrate and prevent uneven setting of the plaster layer.
After the plaster layer has completely dried, the surface must also be primed twice using an acrylic compound.
Leveling and screed floor
The beginning of renovation in a new building. Where to start with flooring? The floor in the new apartment is a bare monolithic slab, which must not only be leveled, but also insulated and soundproofed. To do this, you can use expanded clay, which has good heat and sound insulation properties. The minimum layer thickness is 5 cm.
Before carrying out work, all openings in the floor in the area of ventilation shafts and risers should be sealed with polyurethane foam or adhesive mixture. Next, a layer of expanded clay is poured. It is necessary to start from the place with the greatest depth. This layer is poured with liquid concrete, which resembles milk in consistency. Such a base dries for about a day.You can use another option and lay the expanded clay-cement-sand mixture on the base.
Useful advice! Before laying expanded clay in a bathroom and a toilet, a layer of waterproofing flooring should be laid with an approach to the walls up to 8-10 cm.
Next, you need to directly level the floor. This can be done using a cement-sand screed or self-leveling floor. The first option is more budgetary. The cost of a 40 kg bag is only 150 rubles. The mortar consumption depends on the screed layer. However, this option will not give a smooth and even base. In addition, the cement-sand mixture dries completely after three to four weeks, which will prolong the course of repair work.
A more technological option is self-leveling floors. The mixture has a sufficiently liquid consistency, which allows it to evenly fill the entire space and take the level of the horizon.
Useful advice! Before pouring the floor, the base should be primed twice with acrylic primer.
The main disadvantage of a self-leveling floor is its cost. A 25 kg bag will cost about 400 rubles. In this regard, it is more expedient to use self-leveling floors when the height difference is no more than 4 cm.With a more significant difference, a cement-sand screed can be made, and a layer of self-leveling floors can be laid on top of it to obtain a smoother surface at lower cost. This option is most preferable when laminate or parquet flooring will be used.
Self-leveling floors dry out within 5-7 hours. Tiles or linoleum can be laid in 2 days, and wood flooring in 7 days.
There is another modern solution. This is the installation of dry precast floors. The material is represented by gypsum fiber boards up to 20 mm thick, which are laid on a layer of expanded clay or other insulating material. This is a quick way to get a flat surface suitable for finishing within 24 hours. However, the cost of the material is 310-550 rubles. per piece
Repair in a turnkey new building with and without materials
When buying a home in a new house, the question immediately arises, where to start repairing an apartment in a new building? It depends on the degree of suitability of the apartment for occupancy. As mentioned above, it can be free-form, with pre-finishing or finishing. Depending on this, construction organizations offer to perform one of the types of apartment repairs in a new building, the price of which is determined by the list of works:
The Economy package includes the following types of work:
- electrical wiring;
- installation of partitions;
- floor screed;
- alignment and budget surface finishing of walls and ceilings;
- linoleum flooring;
- installation of skirting boards;
- door installation;
- installation of plumbing fixtures for ready-made communications.
The cost of repairing an apartment in a new building will cost an average of 3000 rubles / m². This price does not include the cost of materials. They can be purchased independently or can be ordered from the contractor, who usually offers materials at reasonable prices and of good quality. In this case, the price of repairs in a turnkey new building will include the cost and delivery of materials. It should also be borne in mind here that the larger the area in the apartment, the cheaper the cost of repairing a square meter will be. So, repair studio apartment in a new building will cost an average of 155 thousand rubles, two-room - 210 thousand rubles, three-room - 250 thousand rubles.
The "Basic" package consists of the same list of works, to which the following has been added:
- installation of communications for plumbing fixtures;
- false ceiling device;
- bathroom and toilet tiling;
- installation of lighting devices.
The price of renovating an apartment from scratch in a new building will cost an average of 6,000 rubles / m², excluding the cost of materials. For an additional fee, basic repairs can include the replacement of windows and the installation of a loggia. So, a complex of works in a one-room apartment will cost an average of 210 thousand rubles. Repair of a two-room apartment in a new building will cost 300 thousand rubles, a three-room apartment - 370 thousand rubles.
A complete renovation involves a set of measures that can turn a bare space into a cozy residential apartment. The following activities are added to the work performed for the basic package:
- creation of a design project for an apartment;
- finishing the ceiling and walls with high-quality materials;
- laminate flooring;
- installation of utilities and plumbing of any type and complexity.
Overhaul of an apartment in a new building will cost 8000-10000 rubles / m² excluding the cost of materials. If the cost of the work does not include a certain type of installation, it can be issued additionally for a certain fee.
The price of repairs in a new building with material will depend not only on the type, amount of work and area of the premises. It also takes into account the cost of specific building materials. So the price of repairs in a new building with material from the budget assortment will average 6,000 rubles / m². Works using more expensive materials will cost about 12,000 rubles / m². The cost of renovating an apartment in a new turnkey luxury-class building will cost at least 20,000 rubles / m².
Many organizations specialize in the development and implementation of exclusive designs using high quality finishing materials. The price of repairs with materials for an apartment in a new building of this level will cost no less than 30,000 rubles / m².
Making repairs in a new building without finishing requires certain knowledge and skills. The desire to save money can lead to additional costs. To get a good result in a fairly short time, it is better to entrust this business to professionals and order a turnkey repair of a new building with materials, the price of which will depend on the personal preferences and financial capabilities of the customer.