The log gazebo is an original and multifunctional element of garden architecture. Such a structure is not only intended for outdoor recreation, but is also a decorative decoration for the landscape design of the site. The timber has a number of distinctive characteristics, thanks to which it is considered an ideal material for the construction of garden structures. The gazebo can be purchased ready-made or you can create it yourself on the basis of a project.
- 1 Arbor from a bar: distinctive design features
- 2 Sizes of timber for the construction of garden gazebos
- 3 The construction of the simplest gazebo from a solid bar
- 4 Arbor made of profiled timber: material characteristics
- 5 What are the features of a gazebo made of laminated veneer lumber
- 6 Features of using a rounded beam for a gazebo
- 7 The advantages of erecting a gazebo from a mini-bar
- 8 Arbor configuration: photos of interesting options for a structure from a bar
- 9 The concept of the project of a gazebo from a wooden bar for a suburban area
- 10 Arrangement of the foundation for a garden gazebo
Arbor from a bar: distinctive design features
A gazebo made of timber is very popular with many owners of suburban areas. This is primarily due to the environmental friendliness of the material. In such a gazebo it is convenient not only to hide from the scorching sun, but also to relax in the light coolness. Natural wood and its natural aroma have a beneficial effect on human health and mood.
Such a structure has an attractive appearance, as shown in the photo of arbors from a bar. Due to its naturalness and naturalness, the structure harmoniously fits into the overall concept of landscape design. The originality of the execution of the gazebo made of timber demonstrates its unity with nature.
Since the timber is a natural material, the structure erected from it does not heat up in the sun. In such a gazebo it will not be hot on a sultry day. Due to the low level of thermal conductivity in a closed type building, it will not be too cold in unfavorable weather. Since the timber has a loose wood structure, it is a "breathable" material.
Arbors from a bar are distinguished by an aesthetic appearance. They can be of various shapes and designs. In a wooden gazebo made of timber, you can not only arrange a dining table with chairs, but also equip a children's area, hang a hammock, and install a barbecue. Summer kitchens are often organized here, and garden tools are kept in winter.
The disadvantages of timber arbors include the ability to catch fire, susceptibility to moisture and insect infestation. To eliminate such nuances, the wood must be treated with appropriate impregnations. If the material is not properly dried, it will subsequently crack.
Sizes of timber for the construction of garden gazebos
The beam is a square beam, where grooves may be present on the edges. Wooden products have the same shape and size, making the construction process of any structure an easy, simple and convenient exercise. Such a structure, made of high-quality material, will delight its owners for many years.
The timber is made of softwood. It can be spruce, pine, fir or larch. Pine is most often used, since the tree has a flat surface without knots, is easy to process, can withstand significant loads and is characterized by a beautiful texture. Wooden blocks have an affordable cost, which is much lower than that of other types of similar material.
The most popular and cheapest option is a gazebo made of 100x100 mm timber. The material has a good load-bearing capacity, thanks to which the structure can withstand a massive roof. A self-made gazebo made of 100x100 mm timber will be distinguished by its strength, reliability and durability.
The material can be used both for the construction of garden structures that have simple shapes, and for creating more complex configurations. The latter option assumes a high laboriousness of the process, which is associated with the dimensions of the material. The cost of a m3 of forest (it will contain 16 elements of 6 m each) is about 10 thousand rubles.
The maximum level of strength and reliability will be higher for a gazebo made of 150x150 mm timber. The material looks more massive and solid. The design created from it has a presentable and stylish appearance. 1 m3 of forest contains 7 pieces of timber, 6 m each. You can buy it for an average of 15-18 thousand rubles. This is quite enough for the construction of a gazebo from a bar of 150x150 mm with dimensions of 3x3 m with your own hands.
Helpful advice! To reduce the cost of erecting a garden gazebo, a 150x50 mm bar can be used to equip a floor log, a rafter system and an upper crown.
The construction of the simplest gazebo from a solid bar
In many projects of wooden arbors, a solid bar is used, which in appearance resembles an ordinary log, sawn from four sides. This type of wood is most in demand in construction, which is primarily determined by the low cost of the material. This is due to the fact that non-profiled timber undergoes minimal processing. However, with this technology, wood needs additional protection, since natural moisture is retained in the material.
One-piece timber, as a rule, has a cross section of 150-220 mm. The material can be purchased in any construction market at the lowest cost (relative to other types of timber). Laying such lumber does not require the involvement of special equipment. Even a novice carpenter can erect a wooden gazebo from a bar in a short period of time.
Despite the positive aspects, the solid timber is characterized by many disadvantages. To obtain an aesthetic gazebo, it is necessary to perform additional planing of the material and finishing work. However, the structure can be left in its natural form, which will look very original.
Important! Solid timber undergoes minimal processing, so it should be impregnated with antiseptic and moisture-repellent compounds.
As a result of the natural moisture content of wood, a structure made of such a material will give significant shrinkage. This can lead to cracking of the material. Such a design will differ in airflow, since the elements will not fit snugly together. Such a structure retains heat worse.
Arbor made of profiled timber: material characteristic
The most popular type of timber for the construction of gazebos is profiled material. Each bar has clearly defined dimensions. It has the shape of a landing bowl, which has spikes and grooves on opposite sides. The elements also contain vertical cuts for ease of installation.
Important! Profiled logs are cut in production with an accuracy of 1 mm.
The presence of a thorn-groove fastening system allows to achieve high reliability of fixation during the construction of a gazebo from a bar. The material is intended for construction works without additional preparatory measures. Therefore, such a bar is an ideal solution for a novice builder.
The joining of the beams is made into a bowl, which is carried out in the factory. This contributes to obtaining an even, reliable and high-strength structure with uniform shrinkage during operation. In addition, tight fixation increases the thermal parameters of the structure, ensuring minimal ventilation. Such a building will retain its geometry for many years. The price of a gazebo made of timber averages 80-90 thousand rubles.
The profiled bars undergo chamber drying, as a result of which the humidity level is brought to an optimal value. In the thickness and on the surface of such material, pathogens will not germinate and multiply, which excludes the formation of fungus and mold. Despite this, the material must be provided with additional protection by treating it with antiseptic compounds.
Strengths and weaknesses of the profiled bar
Dry profiled timber is characterized by a high degree of wear resistance. It can withstand adverse weather conditions, temperature extremes, strong winds and high levels of humidity.
When using such a bar, it is possible to achieve the absence of gaps in the structures being erected. This feature has a beneficial effect on the durability of the structure, since the risk of wood rotting and excessive moisture getting inside the structure is reduced. Profiled timber has a low level of thermal conductivity. In such a building it will be warm even in cold weather. This is especially valuable when erecting closed gazebos from a bar.
Profiled material is characterized by the ability to evenly distribute the mass and exert minimal pressure on the foundation. Therefore, for a gazebo made of such material, it is enough to equip a tape or columnar base. The gazebo made of profiled timber has an unrivaled look. The walls of the building will be perfectly flat and smooth, which eliminates the need for additional finishing.
Important! To create a reliable and durable building, the profiled beam must be well dried, otherwise such a gazebo will soon "lead".
The disadvantages of the material include natural flammability, which is eliminated by special impregnations. After some time, the gazebo made of profiled timber may darken as a result of the negative effects of precipitation and the sun.When buying a low-quality dried timber (without using a special camera), it becomes necessary to constantly process the material with special compounds.
What are the features of a gazebo made of laminated veneer lumber
Glued laminated timber is also popular in the construction of garden arbors. The material is made from spruce, pine, cedar or larch. In production, logs are cut into thin boards, which are subject to high-quality drying. Each lamella is treated with protective impregnations. Then 2-5 boards, depending on the required thickness of the future timber, are glued together.
Important! The lamellas are cut with great precision, therefore the glued laminated timber is characterized by high strength and a minimum shrinkage value of no more than 1%.
Glued laminated timber is not subject to cracking. Sufficient quality preparation of the material eliminates the risk of shrinkage of the structure. The lamellas have a minimum level of moisture, so the wood is not prone to damage by microorganisms and the formation of rot and mold in the thickness of the product.
Glued material is characterized by high strength, as a result of which it can be used for the implementation of projects of arbors from a bar of high complexity. The presence of an adhesive composition in a bar causes a negative attitude of rodents and insects, so they rarely infect such material.
The disadvantages of the material should primarily include the reduced degree of environmental friendliness, since the lamellas are fixed to each other with glue. In addition, this component impairs moisture circulation and air exchange. Glued laminated timber has a high cost, which is 2 times more than the price of profiled material.
A type of laminated veneer lumber is bent beams, which are often used for arranging personal plots. With the help of such material, you can create an original structure with a spectacular design, which is easy to give a wave-like shape with rounded, graceful features, which is demonstrated by photos of gazebo projects.
Features of using a rounded beam for a gazebo
Rounded timber is represented by a wooden element of regular cylindrical shape. It is often used in the implementation of projects of log gazebos for suburban areas. Such an element, due to the special technology of material processing, has a flat, smooth surface. Products differ in the same diameter, which can be equal to 180-250 mm. There is a groove in the lower part of the rounded beam, which facilitates quick and easy assembly of elements. When stacking them on top of each other, a tight and reliable connection is formed.
Due to the correct shape of the wooden products, the erected gazebo will have an aesthetic appearance. The building does not need additional finishing. This structure has a good level of air exchange, low thermal conductivity and durability. The material is also characterized by an affordable cost.
To extend the period of operation of a gazebo made of rounded timber, it should be treated with special compounds that protect wooden elements from moisture, sun, insects, rodents, fungus and mold.
Photo of light structures made of different materials. Polycarbonate gazebos. How to properly arrange and decorate the gazebo. Review of prices for turnkey gazebos.
Of the shortcomings, a significant mass of the timber should be distinguished, which is associated with the large cross-section of the material. Therefore, when erecting a frame of a gazebo from a bar, it is necessary to arrange a reliable foundation. In addition, it should be borne in mind that gaps may appear between some elements over time.
The advantages of erecting a gazebo from a mini-bar
For the construction of garden gazebos, you can use a mini-bar. The material is represented by a conventional edged board having a standard thickness of 45 cm and a width of 145 mm. Such products are equipped with a tongue-and-groove locking system on the side surfaces, which simplifies their installation during the construction of buildings. This connection is quite strong and reliable. The price of a gazebo made of timber will average 60-70 thousand rubles.
Due to the fact that the mini-beams have a strict shape and size, they can be used to create an aesthetic structure that does not need additional finishing. When performing work, the need for adjusting products to each other is also eliminated. This is ideal for creating a compact log gazebo for summer cottages.
The mini-bar is characterized by good thermal insulation and sound-absorbing properties. When building arbors from such material, it is enough to equip a strip foundation, since the finished structure has a small mass.
However, the mini-beam has a low level of strength, therefore, to build a full-fledged gazebo, it is necessary to equip the supporting frame from beams, the cross-section of which is 100x100, 100x150 mm. This material is often used when installing open small-sized garden arbors.
Arbor configuration: photos of interesting options for a structure from a bar
There is a wide variety of gazebo projects, where buildings differ not only in shape, but also in design.
What are the gazebos, depending on the design? Buildings can be open, semi-closed, closed and combined. The first type of structure is a structure that has no walls, windows and doors. In this case, a frame and a canopy are erected, which is quite enough for a summer pavilion. Some options for such buildings are represented by beams on piles or have walls with a pergola or openwork execution. Such gazebos are often equipped with barbecue facilities.
The closed gazebos have full walls, windows and an entrance door. Such structures are made in the form of small houses, where in the summer you can organize a summer kitchen, a bedroom, and in winter various things are stored here. The semi-closed type of construction is equipped with two or three walls. Such a gazebo is characterized by good air circulation, but you can hide from drafts in it.
Garden structures made of wood can be of various shapes. Most often, they construct square arbors from a bar of 3 by 3 m, which are compact and spacious. Such a structure is located in a small area. For owners of large free space, it is recommended to build a gazebo made of 6 x 6 m timber, in which a large company can freely accommodate.
Rectangular gazebos are no less popular, the space of which can be zoned. In one part, a dining table is usually located, and in the other, a barbecue is arranged. Buildings with a large number of faces look original and stylish. Such gazebos not only differ in their aesthetic appearance, but also look compact. They resemble a tent, while a large number of people can comfortably sit in them.
Helpful advice! Garden structures can be created in an unusual design - in the form of a large flashlight, carriage, truncated cone, or other object.
The concept of the project of a gazebo from a wooden bar for a suburban area
Before you make the gazebo yourself, you should develop a small project, drawing up drawings for each element of the structure. The first step is to determine the location of the garden structure. For a compact structure, you can choose any free piece of land, but the overall gazebo should harmoniously fit into the existing landscape without overloading the space or, conversely, not dissolving in it.
If there is a natural or artificial reservoir nearby, then it is advisable to place the gazebo near it. This neighborhood will contribute to a fresh microclimate inside the building.
If a closed or semi-closed gazebo is being designed, it should be positioned so that the windows face the beautiful landscape. It is good if at least one of the sides of the building is illuminated by sunlight. Otherwise, it will be cold, dark and uncomfortable in the gazebo.
When arranging a gazebo from a bar with a barbecue, it is worth considering the direction of the wind. For such a construction, it is necessary to equip a solid and reliable foundation. The best option is a monolithic base.
All structural elements with applied dimensions should be displayed in the project. This is primarily determined by the shape and dimensions of the structure. The most popular are gazebos made of timber 4 by 4, 3x3, 5x5 and 4x6 m. When choosing a specific option, you need to focus on the presence of additional elements in the gazebo in the form of a stove, fireplace, benches, armchairs and sofas.
Helpful advice! If an angle is formed between the buildings on the site, this space can be used to equip the gazebo by using the capital walls of the structures.
Arrangement of the foundation for a garden gazebo
After the drawings of the gazebo with the dimensions of all elements are completed, you can start construction work. The first stage is the arrangement of the foundation. A gazebo made of timber is not a heavy weighty structure, therefore, a columnar base is sufficient for this structure. For its construction, you will need bricks or concrete blocks. Pillars are equidistantly installed around the entire perimeter of the future building. They must be located in corners and other concentrated areas.
In places where the posts are installed, it is necessary to remove soil with a depth of at least 0.3 m. If concrete slabs are used, they are mounted in the resulting pits. Pillars of a given height are erected from bricks. The base elements can be made of monolithic concrete, filling them with prepared formwork. The resulting construction is level controlled.
For a more weighty and overall arbor from a 5 x 5 m bar (and larger), a strip foundation should be equipped. Such a base is also made for buildings with a barbecue or fireplace. For this, a trench is dug around the perimeter of the future building with a margin of 10 cm in both directions. The formwork is being installed. The bottom is covered with a layer of rubble and sand. Reinforcement cage is laid on top. A concrete solution is poured into the formwork.
The foundation is required to be covered with waterproofing. The best material in this case is bituminous mastic. Such protection will prevent the penetration of moisture from concrete into the wood, which will have a beneficial effect on the period of operation of the structure.
Further, the bottom harness is laid on the foundation, represented by four beams with a section of 150x150 mm, which are located along the perimeter of the arbor. Joints are made in half a tree using the "dovetail" technology.
How to build a gazebo: construction methods
The next step is to install vertical uprights from a bar with a section of 100x100 mm at the corners of the future building, which will connect the lower trim and the roof of the building.They are attached to the lower rim with metal corners and screws.
There are several methods for erecting the walls of a gazebo from a bar. The most popular technology is considered to be the method of felling a log house into a bowl, which is borrowed from the technique of laying logs. The bars are mounted on top of each other, as shown in the drawing of a wooden arbor. From the end of each profiled element, which falls on the corner of the structure, a recess is cut at a distance of 20-25 cm. The depth of the cut should be half the thickness of the bottom face. The width of the groove matches the thickness of the timber. Each subsequent row is transversely stacked into cups for the previous spans.
Another option for erecting walls involves laying the beams horizontally without cutting. Horizontal elements are installed perpendicularly to the vertical supports, which are fixed with tightening fasteners.
You can limit yourself to only vertical supporting elements without pulling bars, which will give the gazebo airiness. Intermediate elements are added to the corner elements, which can be vertical or crossed. Mesh walls are very popular, which are formed crosswise with fixation with thin slats. Different options can be seen in the photo of projects of arbors from a bar. Prices and labor intensity of installation are determined by the selected material and the level of complexity of the work.
Important! The strongest wall should be erected at the place where the stove or bench is installed.
Diy log gazebo: arrangement of the floor and roof of the building
To arrange the floor, it is necessary to fix the logs to the lower rim. These are cross beams with a section of 150x50 mm. They are stacked on the foundation posts, fixed to the timber with nails. You can use metal corners to strengthen the joint. A simple edged board is mounted on the logs, the thickness of which is 40 mm. It is laid across the load-bearing elements of the floor. In the places where the vertical supports are located, the board is cut off.
Important! Cutting must be done with great precision to avoid the formation of gaps where dirt can collect.
Boards to the logs and beams of the lower harness are fixed with nails. Elements are installed along the masonry.
Then the upper strapping is made (similar to the principle of fastening the lower rims). The difference is that the process is carried out at a height. In the bars, cuts are made in advance in the corners. The elements are lifted and placed in place. The fixing of the beams is carried out using perforated elements with fixing with nails. The crown must be fixed on each post, which must be placed strictly vertically, and the strapping must be horizontally. This process should be controlled using a level.
The type and shape of the roof is selected individually. It can be one, two-, four- and six-slope, hip, hip or broken. This is determined by the constructive performance of the gazebo, which is demonstrated in numerous photos of gazebos from a bar with your own hands. Regardless of the design, a reliable rafter system is created, on which the crate is stuffed. Next, the selected roofing material is mounted.
The finished structure is decorated with various decorative elements. An open gazebo can be supplemented with a wooden crate, which is represented by compact inserts that cover open spaces. Often such elements are located from floor to roof, which looks original and stylish. Light curtains that cover the entire perimeter of the building can add additional comfort to the open gazebo. Closed buildings look beautiful with glazed doors.
A gazebo made of timber is a convenient and comfortable place for a good rest in a suburban area. Here you can hide from the sultry sun. In addition, it is an ideal place for family hangouts and friendly get-togethers.