Surrounding yourself with beauty is a logical desire of a person. Fashion and tastes are changing, but the desire to spend more time in nature remains unchanged. Such an opportunity is given by suburban areas, but they require care and the creation of certain conditions. A great place to relax in the garden is the pergola: the photos in the landscape design of similar structures presented in this article will tell you how to easily organize such an oasis on the site.
- 1 Pergola: what it is, for what purpose and where is it placed
- 2 Arched pergola created in a small summer cottage
- 3 Gazebo-pergola for a comfortable family vacation
- 4 Creation of a modern relaxation area using a pergola awning
- 5 Pergola canopy: lightweight structure for relaxation and sun protection
- 6 Pergola made of wood: environmental friendliness and ease of material processing
- 7 Metal pergolas: from graceful flower arches to massive structures for grapes
- 8 How to choose and buy a pergola correctly, what to focus on
- 9 Choice of style: photo of a pergola in landscape design
- 10 What other functions can a pergola perform: photos in landscape design
Pergola: what it is, for what purpose and where is it placed
Without resorting to the exact translation of the word "pergola", we can give the following definition to this concept: it is a canopy or screen that creates a support for climbing plants that shade or cover certain areas. In turn, the plots themselves inside the buildings can be used as resting places. Pergolas are widespread in dachas, in country houses. They are used in the construction of terraces, summer cafes, playgrounds. The main functions that pergolas perform are:
- maintaining climbing plants during their growth and development;
- shading of certain areas;
- demarcation of the site;
- creation of landscape design.
This structure almost never performs only one function. Even if the task is simple - to separate the part of the garden where unpresentable buildings for storing garden tools are located - attention is also paid to the aesthetics of the structure. Consequently, the pergola is involved in the creation of landscape design.
Making a support for the grapes, you can provide the conditions required for its growth and arrange a wonderful place to rest. If you want to have climbing plants with a long flowering period on the site, such as clematis, kobea, morning glory, making a pergola is necessary. It can be created in an interesting shape and placed along an alley or path - you get a beautiful and shaded place for walking.You can also make your terrace cozy with a pergola canopy.
The main difference between pergolas and awnings and gazebos is the absence of a solid upper floor and the presence of curly greenery. In landscape design, the pergola often plays a dominant role, being the main decoration of the site. Therefore, it is necessary to be creative in its choice and creation.
Arched pergola created in a small summer cottage
Arches are a popular support for flowers in small summer cottages. Most often they are used to shade paths, walkways, or simply to support climbing plants in flower gardens. In a wooden structure, it is the arched part that is relatively small, this is due to certain limitations in manufacturing - the size of the blanks. The ability to carve this material, use the burning technique, decorate with various shades of varnish and other coatings, make the pergola a real work of art.
Useful advice! Determining the methods of artistic processing of an arched structure made of wood, it is necessary to carefully select means for protective and decorative coatings. They must necessarily be intended for external work.
When installing a structure, a mistake is often made: massive supports are selected. Then the composition as a whole looks heavy and rough. And the delicate flowers curling along it with graceful carved leaves are lost among the large number of "trees". The diameter or (if it is a timber) the thickness of the supports must not be allowed to significantly exceed the width of the arch. The distance between the arches connected by transverse beams should not be less than 50 cm. Otherwise, it will not be possible to decorate the structure with abundant green mass, and it will look like an unnecessary element of the garden plot.
They are installed in small areas and metal arches-pergolas. They are much more elegant than wooden ones. If the design is intended for grapes, then the main aesthetic requirements are straight lines, proportionality, high-quality material. A metal arch for flowers can be decorated with decorative elements. The advantages of arched structures:
- possibility of placement in a small area;
- increasing the length of the support for plant development due to the rounded shape;
- visual perception of upward striving, which creates a vertical level of landscaping of the site.
Arched structures, even not decorated with additional design elements, are decorative structures in themselves.
Gazebo-pergola for a comfortable family vacation
Almost everyone strives to have a pergola in the form of a gazebo in their suburban area. It is an opportunity to communicate with loved ones in the fresh air, surrounded by a riot of colors and aromas. The structures of this structure can be very diverse:
- irregular shapes: zigzag, with overlapping at different levels.
The main difference between the pergola gazebo and other similar structures is the presence of supports around the entire perimeter or circumference of the upper floor and the presence of a light side fence. Typically, such buildings have a base - a coating of wood, stone, concrete, which serves as a floor. Plants are planted in the ground along the supports or along most of the perimeter.
If the structure is installed on soil unsuitable for planting plants (clay soil, sand), they can be placed in special tubs, the dimensions of which must correspond to the necessary conditions for the growth of flowers planted in them. Furniture is always installed in the gazebos: tables, chairs, benches, sofas. The dimensions of these structures are significant, therefore, often on the site, the gazebo becomes the dominant element of landscape design.
It is very important to decide on the style of the site as a whole, then it will be easier to choose the option of the pergola. Incompatible in one area:
- wooden pergolas, gazebos and metal arches;
- metal gazebos and wooden arches;
- the presence of stone, metal and wood in one structure.
Purpose of structures. Design, materials used. Examples of landscape design solutions. Manufacturing tips.
The gazebo is a free-standing structure, so its environment plays an important role in the design. If it is not possible to turn to a specialist for advice, you can view a photo of the design of the gazebos in the country, where buildings of wood, metal, stone with various design elements are presented. Among them, you will probably be able to choose the appropriate option.
Creation of a modern relaxation area using a pergola awning
A canopy densely braided by vines that create a pleasant shaded space is more often a theoretical definition. It takes a long time for the shoots to reach the upper floor and fill it. And by no means every plant can create such a dense coating through which ultraviolet rays and precipitation will not penetrate.
To solve the problem of the scorching sun and rain, awning pergolas are used. These structures function as awnings. They can be installed both above the upper floor of the pergola and below it. Usually these are pull-out options for control. Separate frame structures are also used. If it becomes necessary to remove the awning cover, it is folded, wound, gathered in wavy folds, etc. During use, the fabric can be fixed on the optimal line of advance.
Awnings are used mainly to cover large areas:
- summer cafes;
- open areas of restaurants;
- recreation pavilions;
- adjoining terraces of large sizes.
The marquise usually does not have massive supports, guides and other mechanisms of considerable thickness. But its aesthetics are important for the overall design perception. The fabric is matched to the general color scheme of the surrounding objects. Such protection is a summer option, collapsible. A metal pergola is the most convenient model.
Helpful advice! When choosing fabric for the awning, you should pay attention to whether it has an antibacterial coating and a Teflon layer. This will extend its useful life and keep its appearance presentable for a long time.
The space, tastefully decorated, reliably protected from the scorching sun and rain by the awning, will become a real lounge area - a place of calm, full rest and relaxation.
Pergola canopy: lightweight structure for relaxation and sun protection
The most common type of pergolas in summer cottages and backyards is a canopy.The structure contains only two main elements: the supports and the top floor. The canopy can be either free-standing or attached to the main building or other capital structure. Moreover, the building often has a rectangular or square shape. But there are also triangular models, options with a semicircular outer side, cascading. A variety of shapes are shown in the photo.
The main advantages of the canopy pergola design:
- placement in any open area, including the local area;
- use to create a small amount of materials;
- the ability to build with your own hands with a minimum of professional skills.
The simplest version of the canopy is a wooden structure made of treated wood with straight, straight lines. The lathing can consist of square or rhombic cells. The overlap is traditionally made of planks, beams, laid perpendicular to the width of the canopy. It is a base that can be used to add decorative elements to create the desired building model. The freestanding pergola in the garden, made with artistic decoration, will become a real decoration of the landscape.
As a structure attached to the building, a canopy canopy is convenient. It is made on two supports attached to the wall of the building and has an inclined shape. In this case, the design must match the exterior of the building. Plants on the sides of the canopy can trail, clinging to vertically stretched wire strands.
Under the canopy in the garden, you can put a bench, swing, place a sandpit or a pool under it. Such a structure, attached to the building, involves the installation of furniture - a summer terrace is formed.
Pergola made of wood: environmental friendliness and ease of material processing
The most widespread are pergolas made of wood. The material is available, it can be purchased at almost any building materials store, in base stores, ordered in workshops, and even make the blanks yourself if you have the necessary tools. Wooden structures are quite simple to mount, connected with self-tapping screws, which, if necessary, can be easily changed to new ones.
The material is environmentally friendly, always looks organic among natural nature. The main advantages of wood pergolas are:
- preservation of the natural structure, which gives the product a certain charm;
- the ability to decorate structural elements using carving and other types of wood processing;
- during restoration, the coating layer can be completely removed and the shades give the product a completely new look.
Pergolas and arches made of wood will remain aesthetic, retain the features of landscape design only if they are correctly installed and provided with proper care. The lower parts of the supports, immersed in the ground, must be waterproofed. This will protect them from groundwater, precipitation and that moisture that will inevitably seep out when watering plants.
Helpful advice! When choosing pergolas and arches made of wood for a summer residence, it is better to focus on hard species of deciduous trees. The costs of their purchase are paid off by the durability of the structure and savings on protective equipment.
Metal pergolas: from graceful flower arches to massive structures for grapes
Choosing a wooden or metal structure is a matter of taste and following the chosen style of landscape design. For those who prefer metal structures, there are no restrictions either in shape or size. The lightest and most graceful arch for delicate curly flowers can only be made from this material. Comparison of wood and metal cannot be considered objective, but it is worth highlighting the individual features of the latter:
- the ability to create light, airy structures;
- flexibility of the material under certain conditions;
- easy care.
A metal pergola can be built as a canopy, gazebo, or other structure. Often there are options that have metal supports, and the rest of the structure is made of a different material. As a rule, a strong metal pergola is placed for grapes, since it must bear a large load on itself from the weight of the vine and fruits.
Forged pergolas are a special artistic content of landscape design. Such structures consist of supports (profile, tubular, reinforcing), to which patterned fragments of forged metal are attached by welding. Decorative elements can be arranged symmetrically, asymmetrically, and also serve as a lathing. The overall composition is a real piece of architecture that can beautify any landscape.
Helpful advice! When creating an interesting model of a forged pergola on the site, it should be borne in mind that the compacted metal will be strong and durable. It is worth choosing the appropriate supports so that you do not have to prematurely dismantle the structures due to their corrosion damage.
Photos of metal pergolas demonstrate how diverse the design of structures from this material can be.
How to choose and buy a pergola correctly, what to focus on
You can make a pergola for the site yourself by looking at the options for step-by-step instructions. But in the absence of time or opportunities, you should purchase a ready-made version. If the choice is not entrusted to the designer, then the following characteristics must be taken into account when purchasing:
- dimensions of the structure;
- material quality;
- design features;
- compliance of the structure with the intended purpose.
If an installation service is offered at the same time as a purchase, do not refuse. This way you can avoid the problems of mismatching parts or missing fasteners in the kit. All that is needed in this case is a construction site.
You can buy a wooden pergola already processed and coated, but it is possible to purchase polished parts of the structure, which will have to be processed and colored independently.
Helpful advice! When buying a ready-made wooden structure, it must be borne in mind that the elements should not be glued. Products of this quality are only suitable for indoor installation. Even with the most careful processing, over time, moisture will penetrate into the places of adhesion and destroy the joints.
Finished metal pergolas are most often demountable structures. They are easy to transport and cheaper than wooden ones. Installation of products is not difficult, you just need to strictly follow the attached instructions. But some tubular models of pergolas have a drawback: the connection is not at all rigid, the structure staggers, it becomes necessary to fasten the blocks by welding.
If among the ready-made models there are no options corresponding to the desired style of decoration, or the dimensions do not fit the space reserved for the pergola, it is possible to make a structure to order. Creating an individual model will require additional costs, but the site will be decorated with an exclusive building.
Main manufacturers of pergolas: product prices
One of the leading manufacturers of lightweight sun protection buildings is WINTEC.She manufactures aluminum and wood structures. Aluminum can be either painted or laminated - covered with a film. For protection and aesthetics, wooden models are impregnated with special oils. The fabric for the production of awnings is used high-quality, produced by world-famous leading manufacturers: Corti Manifattura, Serge Ferrari, PARA, Mehler and others. Product quality meets European standards.
Decolife products are also in demand. Design features - multifunctionality and modern remote control. Particularly noteworthy is the Bioclimatic system. It is a retractable roof design. It has aluminum slats that can be controlled. They turn in the right direction to create a comfortable microclimate, protecting from the sun and precipitation.
You can buy a pergola for a summer residence from foreign manufacturers. The Italian company Corradi produces a wide range of these products. The products of this manufacturer are distinguished by proven quality and a variety of designs. All products are tested, defects are practically excluded.
The Austrian company HELLA is a high quality sample. The installation process is thought out to the smallest detail and never causes difficulties. Despite the many advantages, the products belong to the middle price range.
The cost of pergolas depends on the properties of the material used, the complexity and size of the structure, and the installed control system. Approximate prices for the most simple wooden structures: arch for garden paths 2.0x0.8x2.2 m - 19,000 rubles; pergola-gazebo 2.0x1.5x2.2 m - 45,000 rubles; pergola - outdoor cafe 4.0x3.0x2.5 m - 150,000 rubles.
Choice of style: photo of a pergola in landscape design
The proposed photos will help to implement a design idea for every taste and preference. A suitable option will be found by adherents of the classical style with its free rational ideas, a rural direction with ethno elements. There are concepts for a modern, firmly established in landscape design high-tech style, characterized by creative color solutions and convenience, lack of clutter, simplicity.
Depending on the size and occupancy of the area, the pergola can not only complement the design, but also dictate the style. Therefore, rather high requirements are imposed on the external visual characteristics of the structure:
- correspondence of the forms of the structure and decorative elements to the implemented style direction;
- the optimal choice of sizes and installation locations, ensuring the harmony of the general perception of landscape design;
- the accuracy of the connections made, the quality of material processing.
Even the most interesting design idea, implemented with installation errors, oversaturation of the decor with elements, ill-conceived plant species and installed in a random place, can not create, but ruin the landscape.
Idea photos offer tons of creative design models. Giving preference to any option, you should make a balanced decision. Surely the idea of a pergola with stone columns-supports will seem interesting. But if it is necessary to reduce the size, based on the conditions of the site, the visual perception of the structure will change significantly.
A lot of interesting models contain photos of arches for flowers. It should be remembered that even the most delicate pergola for clematis will lose its artistic value if it is alone on the site.
Helpful advice! Having chosen one of the models shown in the photo, one must not forget that replacing the material of manufacture, changing colors or individual structural details inevitably leads to a general transformation of the appearance.
What other functions can a pergola perform: photos in landscape design
A pergola, in addition to supporting plants, shading, limiting and decorativeness, can perform another very important task - to add an area for rational use in everyday life (in the warm season). If the site and the house located on it are small in size, then this light structure, in addition to being used as a recreation area, can also be used as a dining room.
It is not difficult to equip an open space for receiving friends and relatives - a living room. It is necessary to increase the size of the pergola, if possible, to purchase the appropriate furniture - and in the summer there will be another additional "room". And if electricity is supplied to it not only for lighting, but also for powering electrical appliances, then the pergola will turn into a study, where there will be an opportunity to retire and concentrate.
The options of pergolas offered in the photo are quite appropriate to use according to their purposes. The outer design must be maintained in accordance with the style, and the inner must be modernized. A stationary pergola, attached to the house, taking into account the requirements of proportion, visually increases the size of the structure as a whole. If such a structure also has a side crate that partially covers the space, then in the summertime in this area you can create a playroom for a child. This will significantly prolong his stay in the fresh air.
Helpful advice! Using the pergola as an "additional living space", one should not forget about the decorative purpose of these buildings in landscape design.
Nature is a natural environment for humans. Therefore, we experience aesthetic pleasure and tranquility, being among the greenery of trees, the fragrance of flowers and herbs. In an effort to create a recreation area, it is necessary not only not to spoil the beauty donated by nature, but also to support and increase it. A pergola for roses should be a beautiful arch, always framed by graceful buds. A beautifully designed garden pergola will become a real resting place, and not a problematic object of the site. Make the right choice - and let the ideas in the photo help you solve this problem.